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Discovery Channel - Raising The Mammoth

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In a desert of ice
at the edge of the earth
the search is on for something out of this world.
It began with a dream
to awaken a sleeping giant and raise it from its tomb.
And through the powers of science
to see it rise again.
One man
one mission.
The quest for the woolly mammoth.
Once a week
the lliushin 18 touches down on a remote airstrip
in Siberia's far north.
Khatanga, a forgotten town above the Arctic Circle
was a Soviet outpost during the Cold War.
Isolated by politics and geography
it seems like it's been asleep for decades.
Khatanga is a way station for outdoorsmen and explorers
like Frenchman, Bernard Buigues.
Since 1991
Bernard has led expeditions to the North Pole,
and this has become his home away from home.
To find and raise an extinct woolly mammoth
from the frozen tundra is this year's mission.
Long-time friend Anatoly Androssov
will provide key support.
Nicknamed "niet problem," Anatoly is a mechanical wizard.
In a place where equipment is ancient
and spare parts a good barter,
Anatoly's know-how will safeguard the mission's success.
In his hunt for the ancient animal,
Bernard gathers ammunition with 21 st century tools.
The woolly mammoth reigned during the last Ice Age
which began a hundred thousand years ago.
The mammoth and modern elephant are part of an ancient
order of mammals known as the proboscideans for their trunks.
Their earliest link may have been an amphibious animal
with a pig-like body and no tusks.
Other distant relatives developed strange-looking lower tusks
resembling shovels or fangs.
With roots in Africa dating back four million years
ancient mammoths and elephants were "cousins"
that walked the Earth together
before taking separate evolutionary paths.
Only the Asian and African elephants
would survive to this century.
Whether the mammoth is more closely related to its Asian
or African cousin is a matter of scientific debate.
But as it moved away from tropical climates,
it's clear that its anatomy changed radically.
An adaptation to the cold,
the mammoths' ears shrank
as they migrated north to the Arctic.
They developed long shaggy fur
and a domed skull to hold the weight of heavy tusks.
And their tusks grew long and curvy,
perhaps to clear the ground
as they foraged for grass and plants.
Masters of adaptation,
they thrived across the northern hemisphere.
In Bernard's kitchen,
plans for the mammoth hunt are hatching.
Vladimir Eisner,
a Russian interpreter with a 20-year case of Arctic fever,
is up for the challenge.
It's a toast to success.
To hunt the animal lost to history 10,000 years ago,
Bernard must travel even farther north.
In his two-year search he's had little success.
But he charters a helicopter,
the only reliable way to check out a promising new lead.
Experts think that some 10 million mammoth remains
may be locked in the permafrost
most in northwestern Siberia
and here in the Taimyr Peninsula
where Bernard is focusing his search.
Over the years, he's done some business
with a nomadic tribe of reindeer herders.
He's convinced that the Dolgans can help him.
In their travels they find mammoth tusks,
and where there are tusks there might be remains.
In a land of scarcity, bartering is the custom.
I will give him spare parts...
A deal is struck, and the pay-off handsome.
Yes, the Dolgan chief confirms,
he found a pair of tusks in a hillside a summer ago.
It was the first time
I saw real tusks in good condition in tundra.
It was very cold time,
but I was so excited to see the first pair of tusks,
because the tusks belonged to the same animal.
Of course at the same minutes
I have some pain in my hands,
but for me it was very exciting.
If you're looking for tusks in perfect shape,
the Dolgan chief urges go see my sons
just a few miles down the tundra.
Vladimir asks if the men,
Guenady and Gavril Jarkov,
can help Bernard locate a museum-quality mammoth.
There's only one way to find out.
Reindeer herders of Turko-Mongolian descent,
the Dolgans are at home anywhere on the tundra.
The only humans in an inhuman landscape,
the Dolgans eke their living out of the ice
Insulated against the cold with reindeer pelts,
their small mobile homes hold everything they own.
Surviving the Siberian winter is tough
and the Dolgans make do by hunting,
fishing and trading ivory they harvest for things they can't find
or make - food supplies and ammunition.
It's 30 below zero when the men reach Guenady's camp.
But out here, strangers are a startling sight.
The surprise is mutual.
Bernard realizes that he's met Guenady Jarkov several years' back.
Once they've gotten reacquainted,
he broaches the subject of his visit and asks for help.
Hidden under a canvas tarp to protect them from the elements
and the eyes of strangers is a dazzling sight,
two exquisitely preserved tusks from an adult woolly mammoth.
Each one over 3 meters long and weighing 45 kilos.
For me it was unbelievable because the
these tusks was like a sculpture a modern sculpture,
by the color, by the shape.
For me it was difficult to understand that these so-big,
three-meters-long tusks can belong to an animal.
And I was like a like a child.
For the first time since 1997,
when his search for the mammoth began
Bernard seems to be on the right track.
Over tea in the home he shares with his wife, son, and in-laws,
Guenady considers a request.
Bernard wants to know if the Jarkovs
will tell him where they found the tusks
the place where a mammoth with flesh
and organs might still be buried.
To disturb it may be risky,
says Guenady's father-in-law.
Though he doesn't approve the old Dolgan offers advice.
Be sure to honor tradition he counsels the men.
If they succeed in taking a mammoth carcass out of the earth,
they must give something back a white reindeer and some coins.
Otherwise, the spirits might get angry and someone could die.
In a land as featureless as this one
it's hard to imagine how the Dolgans might retrace their steps
to a distant patch of tundra.
But they can.
Long ago, the Dolgan lost their written language
but their knowledge of the Taimyr is encyclopedic.
Without compasses or maps they're expert navigators
reading every bump on the terrain.
Gathering a small crew of scientists and Russian laborers
Bernard decides to scout the site.
It's now or never if he wants to dig this year.
The Siberian autumn is so fierce,
that there's only a small window of opportunity
to extract a mammoth from the frozen earth.
Were he to dig in summer like mammoth hunters before him,
the animal might decompose before it left the ground.
For a hundred thousand years,
the woolly mammoth dominated the landscape
one of the largest land mammals ever to walk the planet.
With its shaggy mammoth-like coat the musk ox
a protected species that survived the Ice Age
is the largest remaining Arctic mammal today.
Hopes are high as the helicopter
sets down 230 kilometers northwest of Khatanga.
Bernard is heartened by the relative softness of the ground.
Digging may be easier than expected.
The men are equipped for a month's stay on the Taimyr.
They'll be in radio contact with Anatoly
and the Russian authorities responsible for their safety.
Otherwise, they're on their own.
Despite the sunny skies it's well below zero.
Their first job is to set up camp.
Ah, a little bit more... ah I think it's okay.
Conditions here can - and do - change in a matter of hours.
The tents and porthole windows are double thickness
to protect against gale-force winds
and the chill of polar nights.
They weigh close to 180 kilos.
Reindeer meat, one of the few things in ample supply on the tundra
will be a staple of the team's diet for the next month.
With a crew this small,
the men will have to take turns in the kitchen
and the hunters among them
will help supply their table with meat.
Frequent meals will help the men conserve their energy
for digging in the cold.
Finding a woolly mammoth carcass hidden in the tundra is a rarity.
Preserving it in its frozen state almost unheard of.
If they succeed, it will be the find of the century.
Like hunters from another age,
they hope to reap the spoils of victory.
Radar will provide a two-dimensional image
of the animal the Dolgans found.
It's programmed to detect the shape of the mammoth,
the presence of flesh and bones.
Let's go 10 meters to the left side,
and then we go on this way.
If the animal is here,
Bernard wants to dig as close to it as possible.
Ay, yay, yay yay...
It's very, very clear also that you have between...
Bernard has enlisted the help of a Swede named Per Wickstrom,
a specialist in ground-penetrating radar.
It's the first time this method will be tried
to take readings in permafrost.
Interesting...
Dolgan will call you shaman because you can see!
Encouraged by the initial results
Bernard has his team clear away snow
from the research perimeter.
The next radar sweep will be even more precise.
Per narrows the grid to sections spaced only inches apart.
Are you ready?
Yes!
Start!
Mark, mark, mark...
He'll use a smaller antenna to locate shapes called anomalies.
...mark, mark, and finished.
Something's visible on the screen.
There's definitely something down there.
Boris Lebedev, the outdoorsman artist and poet
is to Bernard the quintessential man of the tundra.
Without his calming presence and his strength,
an expedition in such harsh conditions would be unthinkable.
A breeder of sled dogs,
Boris admires authors such as Jack London
and James Fenimore Cooper,
who also chronicled life on the edge of civilization.
And to hunt a giant in the ice perhaps a fitting quest.
From the mammoth that you have begun to...
As the team prepares to break ground
Per interprets the data from the latest radar surveys.
The findings will determine whether
or not Bernard gives the go-ahead to carry on with the dig.
The results couldn't be better.
Five, seven, six... Six, six meters totally.
Six meters totally.
But down quite deep here,
at approximately two point five to three meter
there is a very large anomaly.
There on the screen is proof that
entombed in the permafrost
is something the size of a woolly mammoth.
If they can find the ancient animal imprisoned in the earth,
the plan is to carve a block around it
build a steel frame under it
and airlift it to Khatanga by helicopter.
Penetrating earth as dense as concrete is no easy task.
Permafrost, layers of clay,
silt and water compressed over millennia, give way slowly,
even to the menacing teeth of a chainsaw.
Using the most basic tools available in Khatanga,
the work is backbreaking.
Progress is slower than expected.
But Bernard takes time to gather permafrost samples
for a survey on the mammoth's little studied habitat.
Voila!
On the horizon is a welcome sight,
a herd of reindeer announcing the arrival of the Dolgans.
All year 'round, the Dolgans travel the tundra on wooden sleds,
harnessed to the reindeer they catch and domesticate.
Guenady Jarkov has come as promised to consult with Bernard.
He's brought along his family and the magnificent Ice Age tusks.
The Dolgans use mammoth ivory for buttons, tools,
and ornaments for their herds.
No one can wait to have a look at the freshly cleared ground.
Guenady wants to show Bernard as accurately
as possible how he found the tusks.
If Bernard can determine how the mammoth lies underground,
he'll risk less of a chance of damaging it while digging.
Hospitality is the rule on the tundra and it's offered with gratitude.
The cooperation of the Dolgans on this dig is a first.
Though their ancestors roved the Taimyr for 400 years,
Bernard is the first mammoth hunter to seek their advice
and to attempt to honor the rules of their culture.
With the earth so resistant to the advances of pick and shovel,
it could take days for the team to move forward.
Bernard comes up with an idea
that may help move the process along.
It's a kind of makeshift greenhouse designed to soften the ground.
And if it works, the men joke they'll all want to camp there.
But it worked too well.
To warm the earth any further could risk harming the animal inside.
On the tundra tonight,
there's a hope that the elusive mammoth will show himself soon.
Within hours, the earth has yielded its first sign of mammoth:
A molar, very well preserved.
Despite the signs of scavengers Bernard is unfazed.
Like tree rings, the ridges in the teeth reveal a mammoth's age.
This one is 47.
Do I have an idea, a better idea of this?
And after I will try to put up you will help me, yeah?
With the remains of the skull now extracted
Bernard will focus his search on the anomaly
so clearly displayed by the radar.
Over the ages, the mammoth's head must have drifted slightly
from its body.
Bernard decides to reposition the tusks.
That way, the team can assess
where the bulk of the mammoth lies
and how to resume the dig.
According to the radar,
what should remain in the earth is a mammoth-sized carcass.
Take care of the end
and maybe Nico or Vladimir, take out?
No, don't touch.
Give me a little bit of snow
pack of snow. Please.
Concerned that a storm may be on its way
Vladimir, a former meteorologist radios Khatanga.
There's bad news in the forecast.
The men have abandoned the solar tent opting
to dig in the granite-like earth instead of the mud.
Like detectives scratching for evidence at the scene of a crime
they leave no stone unturned.
Eventually, their perseverance pays off.
The first clue plucked from the permafrost is modest
but to the Ice Age detectives a major victory.
It's the wiry hair of a woolly mammoth.
The men are closing in on their prehistoric prey
and they wonder if he knows...
The chance at a free meal has lured an intruder to the mammoth site,
much to the annoyance of the camp's sentinel.
It's an Arctic fox.
There's a story told on the Taimyr of a hunter who
happening upon a mammoth carcass
feeds its meat to the dogs.
Stranger things have happened here.
Perhaps it's even true.
The tempest sweeps across the tundra like a legion of Arctic ghosts.
Unwilling to stop until the last possible moment,
the team labors on under precarious cover.
Conspirators against time and the elements
the men savor an unlikely victory.
Out of respect for the Dolgans
Bernard names the mammoth Jarkov after Guenady.
Frustrated by the slow pace of a cold-weather dig,
Bernard tries an unorthodox but effective way of speeding things up.
After some hours, start to appear some piece of hair,
and also it start to smell something coming from an animal.
It was a big pleasure to put my hand in all this hair
and life was coming from the ground.
It was like touching a live animal.
At that time, I was sure that the mammoth were here.
Not only with my eyes but also with my hand,
with my nose, and with my head.
Making haste toward the campsite is an unexpected refugee.
It's a Dolgan reindeer herder who's passed through here before.
Not even masters of survival on the Taimyr
want to weather a storm of this magnitude alone.
As the hours pass,
the winds howl across the tundra until all efforts
to resist their fury are pointless.
Too late to pack up and leave,
the only thing left to do is batten down the hatches,
and wait it out.
The gusts are so powerful
that Boris has the team brace the shimmying walls
with whatever's at hand.
To lose their shelter here could be fatal.
No one knows for sure if the thin canvas walls will hold up
against this kind of punishment.
All members of the expedition are present
and accounted for except for one Boris' dog.
Scraping snow from their clothing
is a basic safety precaution out here.
Staying dry in subzero temperatures could
mean the difference between life and death.
Could this storm be the curse the Dolgans warned of?
The work of vengeful spirits of the earth?
Always this story was in my mind
and when come this storm,
for me was the first sign
that I was doing something not in the harmony
of this culture Dolgan.
The fact that Boris' dog disappear was not a coincidence.
Boris feel that he sacrifice his dog to permit me
to do this work on the mammoth.
To capture an ancient mammoth is a game of chance.
To raise it, a test of skill and luck.
If a pawn has been lost to an unknown foe
they hope it will be the last.
Sleep might bring relief from the storm
and the tedium of this endless day.
This is a good "chap" to sleep during the polar day.
You put it on the head
and it makes a "op" and you sleep.
Whatever the storm has wrought
will have to wait until morning.
Daybreak, 26 hours after the Arctic onslaught
an eerie calm hangs over the tundra.
Half the camp has been scattered to the wind
and word has come that another storm could hit by nightfall.
Salvaging whatever they can,
they prepare to break camp.
But first they must recover the mammoth
from under 2 meters of snow.
They've come too far to let the tundra reclaim their treasure.
Suiting up in white gloves and protective clothing,
Bernard and his assistant are men on a mission.
This one, in the name of science.
It's zero nine hundred.
Their assignment, to gather samples of frozen mammoth tissue
in perfect condition for a scientist in a distant lab.
The job is simple, if you know what to look for.
And have the right tools...
Bernard hopes the frozen mammoth jaw
will yield perfect specimens.
Once the men have cleaned the jaw
by chiseling away permafrost,
they review the instructions given to them miles
and worlds away from here.
Collect three samples of skin
and three of cartilage that have never been defrosted
and preserve them in the specimen vials provided.
If the samples are good and make it home intact
who knows what secrets can be learned
about the behemoth of the Ice Age?
And whether the new millennium will see it rise again?
If they do return where will they roam?
Today the tundra belongs to others.
For 400 years, the Dolgan people have lived in rhythm
with the seasons here at the northernmost edge of the world.
Today, only a few hundred nomads inhabit
a region the size of California.
Following the Khatanga River
and the annual migrations of wild reindeer
they hunt some and tame others much like their ancestors did.
Baloks, simple homes of canvas and hide
balanced on skids, protect against the biting chill of the Arctic.
It's time to move on
and leave the mammoth for another season.
The flight back to Khatanga takes only an hour and a half.
As the dangers of the Arctic recede into the night
the aircraft carries the men further from their goal.
When the lights of civilization come into view
the thought of warm beds
and creature comforts offers little consolation
to the mammoth hunters.
The chance to free a woolly mammoth
from its ancient tomb is gone for this year
yet so many questions remain.
Was it simply the weather,
or forces more complex that dealt the team such a blow?
Bernard has arranged to store the artifacts
from the Taimyr in an unusual icebox.
Three stories below the streets of Khatanga
are caves that stretch for nearly 7 kilometers.
Built at the height of the Cold War
this enormous refrigerator can store food for thousands...
and the remains of a woolly mammoth.
I saw him, I touch him, I smell it...
I was so close to him and
I wondered how he could escape from me.
But at the same time I need to think about the next step.
Whatever the next step,
there'll be no search until next autumn.
It will take time and luck to outmaneuver
the colossus of the tundra.
St. Petersburg, Russia
the Mecca for mammoth hunters.
Professor Nikolai Vereschagin is a renowned paleontologist
and the man who may know more
than anyone else about the life of the woolly mammoth.
The Russian is famous
for his 1977 excavation of a frozen baby mammoth named Dima.
Bulldozed out of a Siberian riverbed,
the animal was almost entirely preserved
with all of his internal organs an extraordinary find.
Now in his early '90s, the oldest living mammoth hunter
shares some basics with Bernard.
Tusks of dominant males could be 5 meters long.
The largest animals could weigh 10 tons
double the size of an elephant
130 times the weight of the average man.
Both Neanderthal and modern man
share a history with the mammoth.
In those days, men liked to hunt mammoth
which was plentiful on the tundra.
Its enormous weight produced three tons
of excellent meat all at once.
It could feed a lot of people for a long time,
and so was most worthwhile for the hunter of that period.
The St. Petersburg Museum houses
some of the world's most impressive woolly mammoth remains.
With no natural predators other than man
they thrived across the northern hemisphere
for more than a hundred thousand years.
Why the mammoth died out
while elephants survived
is a perplexing mystery.
After years on their trail
Professor Vereschagin has drawn his own conclusions
about the mammoth's demise.
I support the climatic theory.
At the end of the Ice Age
there were major successive climatic shifts
periods of cold followed by warming.
And that played a fatal role
in the disappearance of the mammoth.
The situation, of course
was worsened by the impact of human hunters.
As their numbers dwindled
the extinction was further hastened
by the influence of the animal's psyche.
I even think they were depressed.
Many died off in great numbers during their migration,
most of them by drowning.
During the Ice Age,
sea levels dropped and the tips of Siberia
and Alaska were linked by a land bridge.
Mammoths made their way to North America across
what's now the Bering Strait.
As soon as they reached the new continent
the Columbians migrated south
some as far as Florida and Mexico.
In these less extreme climates
they became the largest mammoths that ever lived.
The most complete record of their history lies
at the bottom of a sinkhole in Hot Springs, South Dakota.
A geologist tapped for the next Siberian expedition
Larry Agenbroad oversees this excavation in progress
and speculates why most of his finds are male.
A mammoth society was much like an elephant society.
The males, when they become mature sexually
they are expelled from the family unit
and they don't have much luck in the dating game
until they're about 35 years of age.
So there's roughly 20 to 25 years of hormone flow
and nothing to do with it
and no guidance.
And they get into really dumb situations
a little bit like our own species.
Imagine yourself as a young male mammoth
oh, maybe uh, 16 to 18 years old.
And it's just snowed and you've got a choice.
You can take your tusks and sweep off the snow for last year's dead grass
or, if you look down in this sinkhole with a thermal pond
you're gonna have green vegetation all around the edge of this pond.
I don't think it takes too much of a stretch of imagination
to realize they're gonna go for the greens.
If they did, this was a one-way trip.
They either starved to death after eating everything
around the pond's edge
or they swam till they were exhausted and drowned.
The most physically imposing mammoths
the Columbians stood twice the height of a man
and were double the weight of an elephant.
Unlike its woolly cousin,
the Columbian roamed exclusively through North America
and met our early ancestors.
Basically, once they're grown once they're mature,
there are no enemies for mammoths except humans.
As young, they're subject to big predators, big carnivores.
The big cats, the big bears,
would have been the only natural enemies they had.
Proof of early man's encounters with the mammoth
is evident in the art of cave dwellers across Europe
and North America.
To build their huts and feed their kin
men killed mammoths in vast numbers.
The mammoth shared the food-rich grasslands
with animals that survived the Ice Age - musk oxen,
reindeer, horses and bison.
How could he vanish amidst such abundance?
Some say it was man who did the mammoth in.
Others say he perished from disease
climate-related food shortages or natural catastrophe.
With so few footsteps to follow
we may never have the answer.
Searching for clues to the mammoth's past is what drives Dick Mol
a key science advisor for the next Jarkov mammoth team.
The North Sea is rich in Ice Age fossils
including the woolly mammoth and its ancestors,
and Dick has been studying them here for some 30 years.
During a period of the Ice Age water levels dropped
and stretches of what's now the North Sea
were grassy meadowlands called steppes
full of grazing animals that lived
died and fossilized here.
10,000 years ago, temperatures rose
melting the polar ice sheets and inundating low-lying areas.
Mammoth country was shrinking.
Trawling the ocean floor for flatfish
fishermen can net hundreds of fossils every time they go out.
They're a good source of research subjects for Dick Mol.
Oh wow, this is heavy.
It's broken but still a nice specimen.
This part was hidden in the skull and it's well
probably 60 to 70 centimeters is missing from this tusk
but it's a nice specimen.
It looks to me it's the right tusk.
The fossils in Siberia should be even more spectacular.
Summer arrives in Khatanga with little fanfare.
With its shroud of snow cast aside for a few brief weeks,
the city feels pale and gray but for a few splashes of color.
Though the Siberian weather is brisk the ground has thawed
allowing everyone a little more mobility.
Traditionally, this is the season
when scientists come to look for fossils
and mammoth carcasses in the tundra.
For Bernard and a few members of his mammoth team
this will be a fact-finding mission
and an opportunity to check out new leads.
Thousands of lakes dot the Taimyr Peninsula
a garden of Eden for the woolly mammoth back in the late Pleistocene
when the grasslands were lush and diverse.
At the request of an important passenger
this will be the first stop.
A guiding force in Bernard's search
is Russia's preeminent authority on mammoths
Professor Nikolai Vereschagin.
Since the 1800's,
only 12 mammoth carcasses have ever been found in Siberia
and Vereschagin recovered two in one year.
Most of the discoveries to date were initially made by hunters
fishermen or gold prospectors who moved around the tundra.
The lure of the Taimyr to six-ton grazers is still evident today
according to Vereschagin.
It's the grass.
Its main feature is its solid root structure.
It's an extraordinarily hearty plant that thrives in moist conditions.
It was the basis of the mammoth's diet.
This grass "volunteered" here.
As the level of water in the lake dropped
the grass took over and invaded the areas
where the water had retreated.
Where could the mammoths come to find large enough pastures to graze in?
These lakebeds provided plenty of food to satisfy them.
The grasslands still feed thousands of grazers each season
and no one knows the most bountiful spots better than the Dolgan.
This is also the time of year
when the nomads find mammoth remains melted out of the tundra
tusks and bones and sometimes flesh.
Now they're showing Bernard other sites with artifacts.
To share this knowledge with a foreigner
is unusual for the Dolgans.
But his work on the Jarkov mammoth has forged a bond of trust.
Buried at a site close by are tusks that belong to one of the men.
They're valuable for bartering in Khatanga
and are stashed underground to keep them from being stolen.
Look at this... it seems that it's brand new, yeah.
Really nice.
Absolutely wonderful.
As the weeks pass, strangers become friends
and a family Bernard has known for five years invites his group to
have a look at something truly extraordinary.
Over a matter of months
a Dolgan family has dug almost an entire mammoth skeleton
out of the tundra,
a rare and important find.
Enormous vertebrae in good condition fit together like pieces of a puzzle.
Edvokim tells Bernard the story of how he discovered the bones.
Like almost all such finds it was accidental.
Everyone pitches in to look for the rest of the skeleton.
Though summer temperatures are more comfortable for digging,
they're a disaster for the preservation of frozen carcasses.
That's why Bernard must wait till fall to extract the Jarkov mammoth.
When I came to the site,
I saw that maybe more than 80 percent of the skeleton was already dig out.
It was so exciting to find more
and to be as close as possible as 100 percent of the skeleton.
Each time I find remains of mammoth
I take the position, I take the bones
I take sample after this to make analyze, to make datation...
And it will be after collecting all this information
and crossing all these datas
that we will be able to understand what happened 20,000 years ago
with the mammoth and why they disappeared.
I share with the Dolgan the same love of the tundra
and we share the love of very basic things.
They spend so much time trying to survive.
And they are moving all,
two or three days from one place to another place
and it's a hard process to move.
It's not easy.
They have no engines they have no wheels.
They know that in this place
there is not enough grass for the reindeer.
And they know that at that time it's not a good place to fish
so they are moving near another lake.
There is hundred thousand and hundred thousand lake in Taimyr,
so why this lake and not another one?
They are surviving only because they know perfectly the tundra.
They are very far from everything.
They have no sugar they have no coffee...
The only thing they can find in tundra is fish and reindeer.
They will not change their life.
They don't want to go in the city.
They don't want to be a part of the civilization
and they have make the choice to live in the tundra.
They like to be in this special universe
between the ground and the sky.
There is nothing.
They are the only human living in this incredible country.
The collaboration of nomads and explorers is science's gain.
These precious mammoth remains
will be flown to Khatanga for safekeeping
and further studies of the animal's little-known domain.
They'll meet again in September
when the second Jarkov mammoth expedition gets underway.
In Khatanga, the first snows of autumn herald the new season
and with it, the return to unfinished business on the Taimyr.
Final preparations are underway
for the second Jarkov mammoth expedition.
And the mammoth experts from the Netherlands
and the United States have just arrived.
Before the team hits the road,
"Dick Mol and Larry Agenbroad
are eager to have a look at Bernard's summer finds.
For two dyed-in-the-wool mammoth fans
this collection of woolly mammoth artifacts is a treasure trove.
...but, a full-grown one,
...you can see it from the jaw of the...
which is fused with the...
This is beautiful quality.
This time, an advance team has been sent on
with some of the heavier gear.
The goal is to prep the site so
that the mammoth lift will get underway before bad weather sets in.
And they're off.
The tracks in this great Arctic desert lead down a lost road.
The entire northern hemisphere was once a playground
for the woolly mammoth,
an animal that had adapted to the most extreme climates on the planet.
Why animals so well buffered against extinction disappeared
is a question that baffles the scientists.
The Jarkov mammoth will provide the clues they're looking for.
It's mid- September when the helicopter sets down at the dig site
loaded with a few tons of cargo
and the expectations of two dozen men.
The scientists waste little time getting to know their subject.
Two meters and 98 centimeters.
It's the first time they've seen the Jarkov tusks
and their curiosity's gotten the better of them.
And we need the circumference.
The American and Dutchman are joined
by Russian zoologist Alexei Tikonov,
who studied with Professor Vereschagin.
And we need to write down the weight the right tusk...
A tusk can reveal the sex and state of health of the animal
according to Larry Agenbroad and even the season it died.
The tusk is kind of the unwritten diary for mammoths.
These are exceptional tusks.
They're better than any I've seen except in living animals.
They're the highest quality fossil ivory I've ever seen.
The Russian crew has made progress in the weeks before Bernard arrives.
A block the size of a woolly mammoth begins to emerge from the tundra.
Breaking through ice and permafrost takes muscle
and - even in such extreme cold the men quickly work up a dangerous sweat.
To prevent hypothermia, they dig in shifts one hour of labor, one of rest.
As their link to the outside world vanishes into the night
the men set about the business of becoming a team again.
An expedition cook prepares the meals this time around
but it's hardly gourmet fare in a land of starch and reindeer steaks.
It's the first gathering of this Franco Russian expedition
and somewhat subdued at least until the men figure out
how to communicate in a strange mix of Russian, French
English and Dutch.
Without heavy equipment only manpower
Bernard thinks he can raise the mammoth in about a month.
But for some of the team memories of the battle
they lost to the Jarkov mammoth still haunt them.
Several days pass,
and the quarry of permafrost
and ice is growing around the perimeter of the hole.
But it's slow going, even with everyone pitching in.
There's an unforeseen glitch:
Their generator isn't strong enough to power tools.
But it's not the only problem.
The block's size is an issue.
They must reduce it without damaging the animal inside
and soon Bernard will have to calculate the block's weight
to know if he can lift it.
But if his luck doesn't change
he risks losing the mammoth to the winter again.
But the winds have shifted.
Somehow, somewhere in a Khatanga junkyard
Anatoly has managed to rustle up a new generator bigger
and more powerful than the last.
And just in the nick of time.
It doesn't take long for the men to switch it on
move the equipment into place
and make all the connections.
The compressor will be used to power the tools
that should make the work go a lot faster.
But there's no fire behind this spark.
There's only one thing to do.
Call the expedition "hotline" in Khatanga.
Nikolai!
Fortunately, the doctor is in.
While Nikolai, one of the Russian workers takes note
Anatoly reveals the secrets of working
with his latest electronic antique.
It turns out that it's nothing serious.
A little sleight of hand with a couple of connecting wires
and the team may be in business.
The din of jackhammers is deafening.
But the permafrost is stubborn,
giving way grudgingly to the forces of iron and steel.
Finally, the men begin to make up for lost time.
The trench around the mammoth is getting deeper
and any day now, the animal may burst out.
The sound of jackhammers is the signal for the expedition leader
and the scientist to brace themselves against the cold
and head for the mammoth site.
From here on in, the men will work
under the constant supervision of Dick and Bernard.
They've become guardians of the animal taking shape under their eyes.
Their vigilance is rewarded
when the first wiry hairs poke from the side of the block.
Dick can barely contain his excitement
at the signs of life making their way to the surface
after thousands of years underground.
...You go through the damages made by the jackhammer
you'll see that this was never disturbed
so this must be the original clay layer
in which the mammoth was buried.
There are few clues to the world of the Jarkov mammoth.
What is known comes from radio carbon dating
and analysis of the tusks,
teeth and pollen samples around the hair salvaged
from the first expedition.
The evidence shows that it's a 47-year-old male
that died some 20,000 years ago.
After the animal is unearthed
new tests will be performed on its tissue and bones.
Oh, this is beautiful.
20,380 years ago
this animal died and now I am riding on its back.
Everywhere hairs, everywhere
hundreds, thousands...
It's beautiful.
Now so close to the flesh Bernard urges caution.
The men must continue to reduce the block's weight
without exposing the animal.
Once flown off the tundra,
the mammoth will be preserved in its frozen state
for scientists to study in a less hostile environment.
Hair is visible on all three sides of the block
signaling that the last phase is near.
Burrowing under a block the weight
of four woolly mammoths won't be easy.
But even if can be done
lifting it may be problematic and Bernard is concerned.
The huge helicopter's coming to...
Yeah, yeah.
Is he going to make the cables so the helicopter...
Yes, it's, I have a lot of small problem
because I have always the Russian told me
"yes we have, yes it's okay, yes.
But many time it works,
but many time it not works the first time, you know?
Now the problem we have because this big helicopter will lift it
cannot take more than 26 tons.
26? Yeah, 26?
This is the size of a block we have 26, 30 tons now
but it's the first time we do this.
It's week three on the Taimyr.
A helicopter bearing supplies
and a few curious onlookers flies low over the campsite.
After days of nothing
but the sound of jackhammers and Arctic wind
the men on the ground are equally mesmerized by the chopper.
The pilot's ritual is always the same.
He can't resist buzzing the site to see how the block is shaping up.
They've gotten so close now
that the scent of ancient animal is in the air.
I will smell it to see if it smells.
Uh, it is cold but I can tell you it smells.
Right now my nose is so cold I don't think I could smell.
This is exceptional for me
because for the first time
I can touch the hair of the animal
that I've been pursuing that's still in place in the ground.
And when I see it here and there and over there
well then I'm very impressed.
Very impressed.
I've got bones, I've got teeth I've got tusks
and in one case we even found the dung of mammoths.
But I've never been where I can pet the hair
that's still attached to the animal.
It's an emotional experience
that probably you don't have as deeply
unless you've been hunting mammoths for over 30 years like I have.
Ideally, if everything worked properly
they wouldn't clone this animal
and then I can actually pet the living animal.
But right now, to pet the hair of this mammoth
is kind of the height of mammoth hunting.
To gather fleece and hair of an extinct woolly mammoth
is a unique thrill
but especially for foreigners banned from Siberia for decades.
Don't hit the animal.
The men refrain from taking soft tissue for now.
Later, the mammoth will move to the ice caves in Khatanga.
And scientists will take uncontaminated samples of flesh
and the flora and fauna around the animal in a controlled setting.
A piece of 20,000 year old wool.
A living mammoth's yellow-brown undercoat could be an inch thick
and lay just below the animal's long bristly mane.
Yes, but it's simple...
we can use this large instrument.
Yeah, yeah, yeah.
You become addict.
You have this and you want this.
Months from now,
when DNA samples are taken from this animal
more valuable information will surface about a little-known species
and thoughts of its revival will haunt many a dream.
The end of week three sees progress but not enough.
Trying to make up for lost time,
Bernard does the unreasonable: Calls for volunteers for a night dig.
You need much more time in tundra to do something.
Always before to go to sleep
I prefer to solve the main question of the day.
I know that if tomorrow I start this process, I lost one day.
So I take my courage in my hand
and I try to speak with my team and try to get one or two people
as a volunteer because I cannot do by myself.
So I start to speak about this and I was so surprised.
I know that Boris will join me of course
but I was so surprised that all the team was like one man.
And for me, it gives so much more energy
that we do much more than I expected that time.
The Siberian night is unforgiving.
Temperatures have plummeted to well below zero
by the time the men pick up their tools.
But now the end is in sight.
The men know the block they've chiseled out of rock-solid permafrost
is large enough to contain the entire mammoth carcass.
Now they've just got to get underneath.
Shattering the ice that seals one side of the block to the earth
is laborious work
but separating the block from the permafrost side requires
both strength and real motivation.
What was very exciting at that time is we were so close to the end
that everybody find more energy.
And after four hours working in the night
I have to stop these people working
because I know that if we have not enough rest
tomorrow we'll have some problem.
Do you know what it is tissane
Herb tea and coffee.
Simplicity rules at the mammoth camp
work, sleep and all they can eat.
The fare is basic fish when they're lucky,
and reindeer for breakfast lunch and dinner.
Covered by a fresh deerskin,
a hole in the ice provides drinking water from the Khatanga River.
As the tunneling continues,
a relic from the past emerges in the rubble
aquatic plants from the Ice Age.
Look at this one, it's still green. Ah, yes.
Tipped off by a foul smell under the block
the men call Dick and Bernard to check it out.
At one time, Dick thinks this might have been a pond or a small lake.
...and it smells something organic, yeah?
When you think that it's minimum 20,000 years old
make things more exciting.
What we know for sure is
that it's below the carcass of the mammoth.
So it must be...
...older.
...the same age or older.
So at least 20,380 years.
It's possible that the ancient plants are in such good condition
because they were lodged under the mammoth
and couldn't rise and decay in the pond's surface.
It's organic material, look how big the plant remains are.
And the color even on this one.
This is beautiful, you can see uh, the cut
on the cut, that there's a hole inside so.
It's still green. Yeah.
These plant remains provided a lot of new information
on the time the mammoth
was living on the mammoth steppe
because I'm convinced of this
that those plant remains are aquatic plants.
Now we have plant remains from a pond or a small lake,
which provide new information on vegetation in the water
during the time of the mammoth.
To fuel its massive body,
an adult woolly mammoth could spend up to 20 hours a day
foraging for grass and sedges.
But temptation often turned to tragedy when a pond
so warm and rich with plants
would trap a mammoth in its muddy bed
...and finally, preserve him in a frozen grave.
It's now some four weeks into the mammoth expedition.
The Dolgans - Guenady Jarkov
and his family head toward the dig site.
The Dolgan has promised Bernard
hat he'll return to the camp when the mammoth is ready to fly.
Time on this vast white plain isn't measured by the hands of a clock
but in the first snows of autumn
the thawing of the river
and the gathering of the reindeer herds.
The Dolgans make camp alongside the expedition site.
They'll stay as long as the grazing's good.
For now, they'll prepare for autumn with rituals observed
by Dolgans across the Taimyr.
Packing snow against their homes seals out the cold.
In a land where wood is more valuable than ivory
life is Spartan, and surviving the bitter Siberian winter
is a matter of planning skill and luck.
Stroganina, frozen fish eaten with salt
is a staple of Russian diet and fare for guests.
That Bernard has sought the guidance of the Jarkov family
in his unprecedented effort to raise the mammoth
has forged a bond between the Frenchman and the nomads.
Guenady shares his craft with Bernard
a harness collar he's worked out of mammoth ivory.
It's valuable, and will last.
These are things we make according to our traditional customs.
Mammoth bones and tusks are very old
and they can be passed from one generation to another.
The tusks that are not smooth break into pieces after 10 or 15.
But if they're in good condition they can last for a very long time.
I inherited these from my mother.
They were made 40 years ago,
and they look as if they were still new.
The ivory from an Ice Age mammoth is
what brought the Dolgan and the explorer together.
Now it binds them in a journey back through time.
Shouldering the huge tusks of the mammoth they found,
the Dolgans move toward the dig site.
Today these tusks will be reunited with their owner.
With the Jarkovs present,
they'll be reattached to the block to empower the mammoth
on his flight into the future.
For me, this Jarkov mammoth is a symbol
and the symbol works with the tusks.
It was a kind of respect for me to show him in his best light.
Okay...
Gone from the earth for 10,000 years now
the mammoth lives on in the eye of the hunter.
Pursued for sustenance, revered and etched in ancient stone...
the giant of the Ice Age helped our ancestors to survive.
Week four - the site is hit with the first major storm of the season.
It's hard to hear above the roar of the winds
and the snow has begun to swirl in drifts
around the tents at an alarming rate.
But there's no turning back now.
Refusing to fold to the Arctic's icy hand
Bernard and his team push on.
It's the coldest day yet on the tundra
but they're too close to their goal to give up.
Led by Bernard, and anchored by Boris
the men make their way under the block, inches at a time.
An unlikely group of mammoth hunters
each of the men is now linked in his own way
to the creature from another age.
Shouting encouragement over the cacophony of wind
and power tools, they punch their way through the permafrost.
A month ago, none would have predicted
that they would press on in conditions so extreme.
Not even Boris.
It's terrible when you have something that became concrete
and you want to work more,
and suddenly nature is much more strong than you.
And this wind start to blow stronger
and stronger and everything was going in all direction.
It became crazy and very noisy.
Long into the night the tempest rages on.
But the men have won this round
in the battle against the elements.
Or have they?
It takes a half-day to shovel out snowdrifts two meters deep.
I became a little bit crazy with this storm because I decide that
of course, is more strong than me
but I will not give up.
Even if he bring each night cubic meter
and cubic meter of snow to throw out.
We will not stop all this process.
It was a kind of pleasure to show to the wind
that we were more determined.
Of course, all of this take a lot of time
but the time was on my side
because I understand that all my team
when they saw that I had so much energy to put in this
will follow me until we make the complete excavation of the
of the mammoth.
It's time to begin the assembly of a steel frame
that can hold the massive block,
but it's stop and go with tools that rebel against the cold.
Once they're sized, the plan is to run three bars
under the mammoth carcass
and weld them to cross beams.
They'll dig under the block insert the beams
and chip out the ledge it rests on once it's ready to fly.
The tunnel under the block has been coming along slowly
but at last, and just about right on schedule
Boris powers his way through.
For the first time in 10,000 years
the mammoth will rise free of its tomb.
But whether it's light enough to be lifted is another matter.
After all of their efforts the men are curious.
Expedition coordinator Christian DeMarliave
conducts an experiment
balancing melted permafrost and water to calculate the density of the block.
Factoring density and volume should tell them how much the block weighs.
Boris have some secret question.
He's afraid a little bit that the block can move or...
This could be a major problem.
Explain to him that this piece of iron will not support the block.
There will be three other piece who the support will be transversal.
Until we, we, we have not installed the three other pieces
or two other pieces, we don't take out ground from this place.
We will take ground the ground on this place
after we have put this three...
We can work, I think,
without any problem of security on the both sides of the block.
After we put the other one
two piece of wood
to be sure and only
only one hour before the take-off of the block
by the helicopter, we will cut...
Bernard and the Russians are heading toward an impasse.
Ah we cannot move it.
No, we need to decide that.
The end of week three sees progress but not enough.
Trying to make up for lost time,
Bernard does the unreasonable: Calls for volunteers for a night dig.
You need much more time in tundra to do something.
Always before to go to sleep
I prefer to solve the main question of the day.
I know that if tomorrow I start this process, I lost one day.
So I take my courage in my hand
and I try to speak with my team and try to get one or two people
as a volunteer because I cannot do by myself.
So I start to speak about this and I was so surprised.
I know that Boris will join me of course
but I was so surprised that all the team was like one man.
And for me, it gives so much more energy
that we do much more than I expected that time.
The Siberian night is unforgiving.
Temperatures have plummeted to well below zero
by the time the men pick up their tools.
But now the end is in sight.
The men know the block they've chiseled out of rock-solid permafrost
is large enough to contain the entire mammoth carcass.
Now they've just got to get underneath.
Shattering the ice that seals one side of the block to the earth
is laborious work
but separating the block from the permafrost side requires
both strength and real motivation.
What was very exciting at that time is we were so close to the end
that everybody find more energy.
And after four hours working in the night
I have to stop these people working
because I know that if we have not enough rest
tomorrow we'll have some problem.
Do you know what it is tissane
Herb tea and coffee.
Simplicity rules at the mammoth camp
work, sleep and all they can eat.
The fare is basic fish when they're lucky,
and reindeer for breakfast lunch and dinner.
Covered by a fresh deerskin,
a hole in the ice provides drinking water from the Khatanga River.
As the tunneling continues,
a relic from the past emerges in the rubble
aquatic plants from the Ice Age.
Look at this one, it's still green. Ah, yes.
Tipped off by a foul smell under the block
the men call Dick and Bernard to check it out.
At one time, Dick thinks this might have been a pond or a small lake.
...and it smells something organic, yeah?
When you think that it's minimum 20,000 years old
make things more exciting.
What we know for sure is
that it's below the carcass of the mammoth.
So it must be...
...older.
...the same age or older.
So at least 20,380 years.
It's possible that the ancient plants are in such good condition
because they were lodged under the mammoth
and couldn't rise and decay in the pond's surface.
It's organic material, look how big the plant remains are.
And the color even on this one.
This is beautiful, you can see uh, the cut
on the cut, that there's a hole inside so.
It's still green. Yeah.
These plant remains provided a lot of new information
on the time the mammoth
was living on the mammoth steppe
because I'm convinced of this
that those plant remains are aquatic plants.
Now we have plant remains from a pond or a small lake,
which provide new information on vegetation in the water
during the time of the mammoth.
To fuel its massive body,
an adult woolly mammoth could spend up to 20 hours a day
foraging for grass and sedges.
But temptation often turned to tragedy when a pond
so warm and rich with plants
would trap a mammoth in its muddy bed
...and finally, preserve him in a frozen grave.
It's now some four weeks into the mammoth expedition.
The Dolgans - Guenady Jarkov
and his family head toward the dig site.
The Dolgan has promised Bernard
hat he'll return to the camp when the mammoth is ready to fly.
Time on this vast white plain isn't measured by the hands of a clock
but in the first snows of autumn
the thawing of the river
and the gathering of the reindeer herds.
The Dolgans make camp alongside the expedition site.
They'll stay as long as the grazing's good.
For now, they'll prepare for autumn with rituals observed
by Dolgans across the Taimyr.
Packing snow against their homes seals out the cold.
In a land where wood is more valuable than ivory
life is Spartan, and surviving the bitter Siberian winter
is a matter of planning skill and luck.
Stroganina, frozen fish eaten with salt
is a staple of Russian diet and fare for guests.
That Bernard has sought the guidance of the Jarkov family
in his unprecedented effort to raise the mammoth
has forged a bond between the Frenchman and the nomads.
Guenady shares his craft with Bernard
a harness collar he's worked out of mammoth ivory.
It's valuable, and will last.
These are things we make according to our traditional customs.
Mammoth bones and tusks are very old
and they can be passed from one generation to another.
The tusks that are not smooth break into pieces after 10 or 15.
But if they're in good condition they can last for a very long time.
I inherited these from my mother.
They were made 40 years ago,
and they look as if they were still new.
The ivory from an Ice Age mammoth is
what brought the Dolgan and the explorer together.
Now it binds them in a journey back through time.
Shouldering the huge tusks of the mammoth they found,
the Dolgans move toward the dig site.
Today these tusks will be reunited with their owner.
With the Jarkovs present,
they'll be reattached to the block to empower the mammoth
on his flight into the future.
For me, this Jarkov mammoth is a symbol
and the symbol works with the tusks.
It was a kind of respect for me to show him in his best light.
Okay...
Gone from the earth for 10,000 years now
the mammoth lives on in the eye of the hunter.
Pursued for sustenance, revered and etched in ancient stone...
the giant of the Ice Age helped our ancestors to survive.
Week four - the site is hit with the first major storm of the season.
It's hard to hear above the roar of the winds
and the snow has begun to swirl in drifts
around the tents at an alarming rate.
But there's no turning back now.
Refusing to fold to the Arctic's icy hand
Bernard and his team push on.
It's the coldest day yet on the tundra
but they're too close to their goal to give up.
Led by Bernard, and anchored by Boris
the men make their way under the block, inches at a time.
An unlikely group of mammoth hunters
each of the men is now linked in his own way
to the creature from another age.
Shouting encouragement over the cacophony of wind
and power tools, they punch their way through the permafrost.
A month ago, none would have predicted
that they would press on in conditions so extreme.
Not even Boris.
It's terrible when you have something that became concrete
and you want to work more,
and suddenly nature is much more strong than you.
And this wind start to blow stronger
and stronger and everything was going in all direction.
It became crazy and very noisy.
Long into the night the tempest rages on.
But the men have won this round
in the battle against the elements.
Or have they?
It takes a half-day to shovel out snowdrifts two meters deep.
I became a little bit crazy with this storm because I decide that
of course, is more strong than me
but I will not give up.
Even if he bring each night cubic meter
and cubic meter of snow to throw out.
We will not stop all this process.
It was a kind of pleasure to show to the wind
that we were more determined.
Of course, all of this take a lot of time
but the time was on my side
because I understand that all my team
when they saw that I had so much energy to put in this
will follow me until we make the complete excavation of the
of the mammoth.
It's time to begin the assembly of a steel frame
that can hold the massive block,
but it's stop and go with tools that rebel against the cold.
Once they're sized, the plan is to run three bars
under the mammoth carcass
and weld them to cross beams.
They'll dig under the block insert the beams
and chip out the ledge it rests on once it's ready to fly.
The tunnel under the block has been coming along slowly
but at last, and just about right on schedule
Boris powers his way through.
For the first time in 10,000 years
the mammoth will rise free of its tomb.
But whether it's light enough to be lifted is another matter.
After all of their efforts the men are curious.
Expedition coordinator Christian DeMarliave
conducts an experiment
balancing melted permafrost and water to calculate the density of the block.
Factoring density and volume should tell them how much the block weighs.
Boris have some secret question.
He's afraid a little bit that the block can move or...
This could be a major problem.
Explain to him that this piece of iron will not support the block.
There will be three other piece who the support will be transversal.
Until we, we, we have not installed the three other pieces
or two other pieces, we don't take out ground from this place.
We will take ground the ground on this place
after we have put this three...
We can work, I think,
without any problem of security on the both sides of the block.
After we put the other one
two piece of wood
to be sure and only
only one hour before the take-off of the block
by the helicopter, we will cut...
Bernard and the Russians are heading toward an impasse.
Ah we cannot move it.
No, we need to decide that.
DC Sniper 23 Days of Fear
D A R Y L 1985
Daddy Day Care
Daffy Duck - Drip Along Daffy (1951)
Daffy Duck - Duck Amuck (1953)
Daffy Duck - Duck Dodgers in the 245 Century (1953)
Daffy Duck and Porky - Boobs in the Woods (1950)
Daffy Duck and Porky - Daffy Duck Hunt (1949)
Daffy Duck and Porky - Deduce You Say (1956)
Daffy Duck and Porky - Golden Yeggs (1950)
Daffy Duck and Porky - The Ducksters (1950)
Daffy Duck and Porky - Yankee Doodle Daffy (1943)
Daffy Duck and Sylvester - The Scarlet Pumpernickel (1950)
Damien Omen II
Damnation (1988) CD1
Damnation (1988) CD2
Damnation de Faust La CD1
Damnation de Faust La CD2
Dance With Me
Dancer in the Dark (2001) CD1
Dancer in the Dark (2001) CD2
Dances With Wolves (Extended Cut) 1990 CD1
Dances With Wolves (Extended Cut) 1990 CD2
Dances With Wolves (Extended Cut) 1990 CD3
Dances With Wolves 1990 CD1
Dances With Wolves 1990 CD2
Dangerous Beauty
Dangerous Minds
Dantes Peak 1997
Daredevil
Dark Angel 1x15 Haven
Dark Angel 1x16 Shorties In Love
Dark Angel 1x17 Pollo Loco
Dark Angel 1x18 I Am I Am A Camera
Dark Angel 1x19 Hit A Sista Back
Dark Angel 1x20 Meow
Dark Angel 1x21 And Jesus Bought A Casserole
Dark Blue
Dark Blue World (2001)
Dark City
Dark Passage
Dark Water
Dark Wolf
Dark Woods (2003)
Darkness
Darkness 2002 CD1
Darkness 2002 CD2
Darling 1965 CD1
Darling 1965 CD2
Das Boot - The Directors Cut
Dauria 1971 - Part 1 23976fps
Dauria 1971 - Part 2 23976fps
David Copperfield - Illusion CD1
David Copperfield - Illusion CD2
Dawg
Dawn Of The Dead (2004)
Dawns Here Are Quiet The CD1
Dawns Here Are Quiet The CD2
Day A (2001)
Day After The 1983 23976fps
Day For Night CD1
Day For Night CD2
Day I Became A Woman The 2000 CD1
Day I Became A Woman The 2000 CD2
Day The World Ended The
Day after tomorrow The
Day of The Jackal [1973] CD1
Day of The Jackal [1973] CD2
Day the Earth Stood Still The
Days Of Heaven
Days Of Wine And Roses 1962 CD1
Days Of Wine And Roses 1962 CD2
Days of Thunder
De LAmour
De Vierde Man (23976)
Dead End 2003
Dead Friend
Dead Men Dont Wear Plaid (1982)
Dead Or Alive 2
Dead Presidents CD1
Dead Presidents CD2
Dead Reckoning
Dead Ringers
Dead Zone The
Dead again (1991)
Dead again (1991) Commentary
Dead man walking 1995 CD1
Dead man walking 1995 CD2
Dead or alive
Dear Diary 1994
Death To Smoochy
Death Warrant
Death Wish
Death in Venice 1971
Deathwatch 2002
Debut The
Decalage Horaire
Decalogue 06 1988
Decalogue 07 1988
Decalogue 08 1988
Decalogue 09 1988
Decalogue 10 1988
Decameron
Decline of the American Empire The 1986
Deconstructing Harry
Decoys
Deep Blue CD1
Deep Blue CD2
Deep Impact
Deep Loves CD1
Deep Loves CD2
Deep Rising
Deep Space 9 1x01 and 1x02 Emissary
Deep Space 9 1x03 Past Prologue
Deep Space 9 1x04 A Man Alone
Deep Space 9 1x05 Babel
Deep Space 9 1x06 Captive Pursuit
Deep Space 9 1x07 Q-Less
Deep Space 9 1x08 Dax
Deep Space 9 1x09 The Passenger
Deep Space 9 1x10 Move Along Home
Deep Space 9 1x11 The Nagus
Deep Space 9 1x12 Vortex
Deep Space 9 1x13 Battle Lines
Deep Space 9 1x14 The Storyteller
Deep Space 9 1x15 Progress
Deep Space 9 1x16 If Wishes Were Horses
Deep Space 9 1x17 The Forsaken
Deep Space 9 1x18 Dramatis Personae
Deep Space 9 1x19 Duet
Deep Space 9 1x20 In The Hands Of The Prophets
Deep blue sea
Defiant Ones The
Delicatessen
Delicatessen (1991)
Delirium (Delirio Caldo)(23.976)
Deliv and Daniel Webster The
Deliver Us from Eva
Deliverance
Demetrius And The Gladiators 1954
Demoiselles de Rochefort Les CD1
Demoiselles de Rochefort Les CD2
Demon Baby
Demoniacs
Demonic Beauty (2002)
Demonlover CD1
Demonlover CD2
Dentist 2 The 1998
Deranged
Derrick 2004
Dersu Uzala (Akira Kurosawa) CD1
Dersu Uzala (Akira Kurosawa) CD2
Desert Fox - The Story of Rommel
Desert Rats The
Desk Set
Desperate Hours The
Desperate Living
Destination Tokyo CD1
Destination Tokyo CD2
Destry Rides Again
Detaljer
Detonator
Detroit 9000
Dev
Devdas (2002) CD1
Devdas (2002) CD2
Devil Probable The
Devil Rides Out The 1968
Devil is a Woman The
Devils Advocate The CD1
Devils Advocate The CD2
Devils Backbone The
Devils Brigade The
Devils Own The
Dial M for Murder 1954
Diamonds Are Forever
Diana Krall Live in Paris
Diarios De Motocicleta
Diary of a Chambermaid
Diary of a Country Priest (1951 Bresson Robert)
Dias de Nietzsche em Turim
Dickie Roberts Former Child Star
Die Another Day (2002) CD1
Die Another Day (2002) CD2
Die Hard 1988 Extended Version CD1
Die Hard 1988 Extended Version CD2
Die Hard With a Vengeance
Die Nibelungen - Die Kriemhilds Rache CD1
Die Nibelungen - Die Kriemhilds Rache CD2
Diez de hollywood Los 1951
Dil Ka Kya Kasoor
Dil Ka Rishta
Dinosaur
Dirty Dancing
Dirty Dancing - Havana Nights
Dirty Harry
Dirty Tiger Crazy Frog 1978
Disaster
Discovery Air Jaws Sharks of South Africa
Discovery Channel - Raising The Mammoth
Dish The
Disha
Disorderly Orderly The
Distant Lights
Distant Thunder
Diva
Django spara per primo
Do Raaste
Do The Right Thing CD1
Do The Right Thing CD2
Dobry vojak Svejk
Dodeskaden (Akira Kurosawa)
Dodgeball - A True Underdog Story
Dog Nail Clipper
Dog Soldiers (2002)
Dogma
Dogs Of War The 1981
Dogville CD1
Dogville CD2
Doing Hard Time CD1
Doing Hard Time CD2
Dois Perdidos Numa Noite Suja 2002
Dokument Fanny och Alexander CD1
Dokument Fanny och Alexander CD2
Dolce Vita La 1960 CD1
Dolce Vita La 1960 CD2
Dolores Claiborne (1995)
Dolphins
Domicile conjugal
Don Giovanni CD1
Don Giovanni CD2
Dong (The Hole) 1998
Donggam (2000) - Ditto
Donnie Brasco
Donnie Darko
Dont Be A Menace To South Central While Drinking Your Juice In The Hood
Dont Bother to Knock
Dont look now
Dont say a word
Donzoko 1957
Door in the Floor The 2004
Doors The CD1
Doors The CD2
Dora-Heita 2000
Double Jeopardy
Double Team
Double Vision (Shuang Tong)
Doulos Le
Down By Law 1986
Down Periscope
Down Time
Down With Love
Down and Out in Beverly Hills
Dr Dolittle
Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
Dr No
Dr Strangelove
Dracula - Dead and Loving It
Dracula 1931
Dracula 1979
Dracula Has Risen From The Grave 1968
Dragon Head CD1
Dragon Head CD2
Dragonball Z
Dragonfly
Dragonheart (1996)
Dragonheart - Collectors Edition
Dragons Forever (Jackie Chan)
Dragstrip Girl
DreamKeeper 2003 CD1
DreamKeeper 2003 CD2
Dream Master The
Dream Of A Warrior (Cheonsamong)
Dreamcatcher
Dreamers The
Dreamlife of Angels The
Dressed to Kill 1980
Drifting Clouds
Driving Miss Daisy
Driving miss Wealthy (2004)
Drop Dead Gorgeous 1999
Drowning Mona CD1
Drowning Mona CD2
Druids
Drumline
Drums Along the Mohawk
Drunken Master (Yuen Woo-Ping 1978)
Du rififi chez les hommes (Jules Dassin 1955) CD1
Du rififi chez les hommes (Jules Dassin 1955) CD2
Duck Soup (1933 Marx Brothers)
Dude Wheres My Car
Duel The
Duel in the Sun CD1
Duel in the Sun CD2
Duel to the Death
Duellists The
Duets
Dumb And Dumberer When Harry Met Lloyd 2003
Dumb and Dumber
Dumbo
Dune 2000 - 1 of 3
Dune 2000 - 2 of 3
Dune 2000 - 3 of 3
Dungeons And Dragons
Dunken Monkey 2002
Dushmun
Dust in the Wind (Hsiao-hsien Hou 1986)
Dying td CD1
Dying td CD2
The Dawns Here Are Quiet The CD2