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BBC - The Blue Planet (2 of 8) - The Deep

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[INFORMATION] [AUTHOR] [SOURCE] [PRG] [FILEPATH] [DELAY] [CD TRACK] [COMMENT] [END INFORMATION] [SUBTITLE] [COLF]&HFFFFFF,[STYLE]no,[SIZE]18,[FONT]Arial 00:00:35.00,00:00:37.00 Over sixty per cent of our planet 00:00:37.00,00:00:40.01 is covered by ocean more than a mile deep. 00:00:40.01,00:00:44.01 That, the deep sea is by far[br]the largest habitat on earth 00:00:44.01,00:00:48.00 and it's largely unknown. 00:00:52.02,00:00:56.02 Join us on a journey[br]to the very bottom of the deep sea, 00:00:56.02,00:01:00.02 to an alien world never revealed before. 00:01:01.03,00:01:05.02 It's home to some of the[br]strangest animals on earth. 00:01:07.03,00:01:11.03 Fish flash in the darkness ... 00:01:13.04,00:01:17.03 ... new species are discovered[br]on almost every dive. 00:01:19.05,00:01:23.04 More people have travelled into space[br]than have ventured this deep. 00:01:33.06,00:01:37.05 Come on a journey into the abyss. 00:01:47.07,00:01:51.07 A sperm whale takes a breath,[br]its last for over an hour. 00:01:52.08,00:01:54.08 It is about to leave the warm, 00:01:54.08,00:01:58.08 well-lit surface waters and[br]dive far down into the cold, 00:01:58.08,00:02:01.09 dark depths of the deep ocean. 00:02:01.09,00:02:05.08 At the surface it took in air[br]at the same pressure as we breath it. 00:02:11.10,00:02:13.10 But it's going to look for food 00:02:13.10,00:02:15.10 at more than a thousand metres down, 00:02:15.10,00:02:17.10 where pressure is a hundred times 00:02:17.10,00:02:20.11 that on the surface,[br]crushing the whale's lungs 00:02:20.11,00:02:24.10 to just one per cent of their volume. 00:02:25.11,00:02:26.11 For us to follow the whale, 00:02:26.11,00:02:30.11 we need the very latest submersible. 00:02:33.12,00:02:35.12 A reinforced acrylic sphere, 00:02:35.12,00:02:37.12 with walls 12 centimetres thick, 00:02:37.12,00:02:39.13 protects a pilot and our cameraman 00:02:39.13,00:02:40.13 from the enormous pressure below 00:02:40.13,00:02:43.13 and allows the submarine to dive to 00:02:43.13,00:02:47.13 just over nine hundred metres. 00:02:47.13,00:02:51.13 With every passing metre,[br]pressure increases and sunlight diminishes 00:02:53.14,00:02:56.14 "One thousand feet ... 00:02:56.14,00:02:59.15 By three hundred metres[br]it's already very dark 00:02:59.15,00:03:03.14 and the temperature of the water[br]is dropping fast. 00:03:07.15,00:03:10.16 We are entering the twilight zone ... 00:03:10.16,00:03:13.16 a weird world of gloom, where many animals 00:03:13.16,00:03:17.15 have become completely transparent. 00:03:21.17,00:03:24.17 In this twilight,[br]an animal needs to see and 00:03:24.17,00:03:28.16 yet as far as possible[br]must avoid being seen. 00:03:33.18,00:03:36.18 A giant amphipod, 12 centimetres long 00:03:36.18,00:03:38.18 and almost perfectly transparent. 00:03:38.18,00:03:42.19 Its head is completely filled[br]by two huge eyes, 00:03:42.19,00:03:46.18 with which it strains to detect its prey. 00:03:49.20,00:03:52.20 Another twilight monster, Phronima, 00:03:52.20,00:03:56.20 the inspiration for the 'Alien' movies. 00:03:56.20,00:03:59.21 She and her developing pink offspring live 00:03:59.21,00:04:03.20 like parasites in the stolen body[br]of a jelly. 00:04:06.21,00:04:09.22 This impressive cutlery set[br]and its huge eyes 00:04:09.22,00:04:13.21 make Phronima a powerful predator. 00:04:18.22,00:04:22.22 Even really complex animals have[br]become transparent in the twilight zone. 00:04:24.23,00:04:27.23 Squids are among the most[br]advanced of invertebrates, 00:04:27.23,00:04:31.24 but this one never meets a hard surface[br]in its entire life, 00:04:31.24,00:04:35.23 so its body need not be as robust[br]as that of its shallow water cousins. 00:04:40.25,00:04:44.24 There's a rich variety of jellies that[br]live nowhere else but in the deep sea. 00:04:52.26,00:04:56.25 Thousands of tiny cilia propel them[br]through a world without walls. 00:05:05.27,00:05:06.27 Invisible in the gloom, 00:05:06.27,00:05:10.27 they grope blindly for their prey. 00:05:15.28,00:05:19.27 Comb jellies let out long sticky nets[br]to catch passing copepods. 00:05:25.29,00:05:29.28 But the most extensive death trap[br]is set by siphonophores. 00:05:30.30,00:05:33.30 This pulsating bell is the head of[br]a colonial jelly, 00:05:33.30,00:05:37.29 that can be forty metres long. 00:05:38.30,00:05:42.30 Millions of tiny stinging cells,[br]drifting through the sea. 00:05:53.32,00:05:54.32 Five hundred metres down 00:05:54.32,00:05:57.32 and in even the clearest[br]tropical waters only 00:05:57.32,00:06:00.33 the faintest vestige[br]of the sunlight remains, 00:06:00.33,00:06:04.32 so little that our eyes[br]can't detect it ... but others can. 00:06:10.34,00:06:12.34 Survival in the twilight zone 00:06:12.34,00:06:16.33 is all about seeing, yet not being seen. 00:06:19.35,00:06:23.34 Hatchet fish are masters[br]of the game of hide and seek. 00:06:24.35,00:06:25.35 They have the large, sensitive eyes 00:06:25.35,00:06:29.34 needed for seeking prey,[br]but their bodies are flat. 00:06:32.36,00:06:36.35 And their sides are highly silvered. 00:06:39.37,00:06:41.37 Head on, they are just visible, 00:06:41.37,00:06:45.37 thin though they are,[br]but as soon as they turn ... 00:06:45.37,00:06:48.37 ... their mirrored sides[br]reflect the remnants 00:06:48.37,00:06:52.38 of blue light from the surface[br]and they disappear into the gloom. 00:06:52.38,00:06:56.38 Viewed from the side,[br]whole shoals can hide in this way. 00:06:56.38,00:07:00.38 But what about from below? 00:07:04.39,00:07:06.39 The tubular eyes of many of the predators 00:07:06.39,00:07:09.40 even in this gloom are able[br]to distinguish their prey, 00:07:09.40,00:07:13.39 silhouetted against the scarcely[br]detectable glimmer of light from above. 00:07:17.40,00:07:20.41 Hatchet fish, however,[br]have a way of confusing any eyes 00:07:20.41,00:07:23.41 that might be searching for them[br]from below. 00:07:23.41,00:07:27.40 Their bellies carry rows of[br]light-producing cells called photophores. 00:07:29.42,00:07:31.42 They can use these to exactly match 00:07:31.42,00:07:35.41 the changing colour of light[br]from the surface far above. 00:07:45.43,00:07:48.43 This counter shading breaks up[br]their silhouette, 00:07:48.43,00:07:52.44 making them almost invisible from below... 00:07:52.44,00:07:56.43 ... almost. 00:08:00.45,00:08:04.44 But these are no ordinary eyes. 00:08:05.45,00:08:08.45 The enormous yellow lenses enable 00:08:08.45,00:08:10.46 their owner to distinguish between light 00:08:10.46,00:08:14.45 produced by photophores and sunlight. 00:08:15.46,00:08:18.46 So, one device for escape is countered by 00:08:18.46,00:08:21.47 another equally subtle one for attack in 00:08:21.47,00:08:24.47 an evolutionary arms race[br]that has been waged 00:08:24.47,00:08:28.46 for millions of years. 00:08:30.48,00:08:33.48 Descend below a thousand metres and 00:08:33.48,00:08:35.48 you enter the dark zone. 00:08:35.48,00:08:38.48 No sunlight whatsoever penetrates[br]this deep. 00:08:38.48,00:08:41.49 The temperature of the water has dropped 00:08:41.49,00:08:43.49 below four degrees Centigrade. 00:08:43.49,00:08:45.49 The pressure is more than 00:08:45.49,00:08:49.50 a hundred times that at the surface. 00:08:49.50,00:08:52.50 Life becomes every more sparse. 00:08:52.50,00:08:56.49 It's a dark, dangerous world. 00:09:00.51,00:09:04.50 Relative to body size,[br]these are the largest teeth in the ocean, 00:09:05.51,00:09:09.50 they are so big that their owner[br]can't even close its mouth. 00:09:14.52,00:09:18.51 They belong to the Fang Tooth. 00:09:20.53,00:09:24.52 Unlike most deep sea fish this has powerful[br]muscles and is an aggressive hunter. 00:09:35.54,00:09:38.54 With food in such short supply[br]at this depth, 00:09:38.54,00:09:42.54 dark zone predators have to be able to[br]deal with a meal of almost any size. 00:09:47.55,00:09:51.55 Many animals here are dark red,[br]like this deep sea jelly. 00:10:02.57,00:10:04.57 Caught in the lights of the submersible, 00:10:04.57,00:10:08.56 it's a spectacular firework[br]display of colour. 00:10:13.58,00:10:17.58 Normally,[br]no red light penetrates as deep as this, 00:10:17.58,00:10:18.58 so animals with red pigment 00:10:18.58,00:10:22.58 appear completely black down here,[br]perfectly concealed. 00:10:27.59,00:10:31.59 Predators here, however, don't just[br]rely on vision many have tiny eyes. 00:10:32.60,00:10:34.60 Instead, their thin rod-like bodies 00:10:34.60,00:10:38.59 are lined with organs sensitive to tiny[br]movements in the water. 00:10:49.62,00:10:53.61 This monster, half a metre across,[br]is a Hairy Angler. 00:10:54.62,00:10:58.61 This is the first time it's been seen. 00:10:59.63,00:11:02.63 It's covered[br]with hundreds of sensitive antennae, 00:11:02.63,00:11:04.63 each capable of detecting the movements 00:11:04.63,00:11:08.62 of any prey careless enough to stray too[br]close to this motionless predator. 00:11:20.65,00:11:23.65 But this, surely, must be the strangest 00:11:23.65,00:11:27.64 of all the deep sea fish yet discovered. 00:11:28.65,00:11:31.66 A highly sensitive metre[br]long tail hangs down 00:11:31.66,00:11:35.66 from the head that makes up[br]a quarter of its body. 00:11:35.66,00:11:39.65 Its eyes are tiny,[br]but its mouth is truly enormous. 00:11:42.67,00:11:46.66 It's called the Gulper eel, because[br]it can engulf a meal of almost any size. 00:11:53.68,00:11:57.67 Hanging motionless in midwater,[br]its enormous gape enables it 00:11:58.68,00:12:02.68 to deal with passing prey,[br]whether it's small or large. 00:12:07.69,00:12:10.70 Gulper eels can swallow prey[br]as big as themselves, 00:12:10.70,00:12:12.70 which is very useful in a world 00:12:12.70,00:12:16.69 where you never know[br]when the next meal is coming along. 00:12:22.71,00:12:26.71 Even in the dark zone,[br]there is some light. 00:12:26.71,00:12:30.71 Turn off the submersible headlights[br]and you see a pyrotechnic display outside. 00:12:34.72,00:12:37.72 These lights are created by animals. 00:12:37.72,00:12:41.72 This is bioluminescence. 00:12:42.73,00:12:46.72 A deep sea angler fish flashes[br]in the darkness. 00:12:49.74,00:12:51.74 The light is generated by bacteria 00:12:51.74,00:12:54.74 that live permanently inside the lure, 00:12:54.74,00:12:58.73 which attracts prey[br]to these murderous teeth. 00:13:00.75,00:13:04.74 There are all sorts of lures out[br]in the darkness. 00:13:12.76,00:13:16.75 Come into my mouth, little fish! 00:13:20.77,00:13:22.77 And what is the purpose of this lure, 00:13:22.77,00:13:26.76 suspended on a long rod, way below[br]its owner's terrifying set of teeth? 00:13:31.78,00:13:33.78 It's difficult to be sure, 00:13:33.78,00:13:36.78 but then this monster does[br]have another giant... 00:13:36.78,00:13:40.78 flashing lure much closer to its mouth. 00:13:47.79,00:13:51.80 These fish are called anglers because they[br]use their lures in much the same way as 00:13:51.80,00:13:55.79 fly fishermen use their imitation flies. 00:14:00.81,00:14:03.81 For a hunting squid, with huge eyes, 00:14:03.81,00:14:07.80 this glimmer is intriguing. 00:14:10.82,00:14:14.81 It might just be food. 00:14:20.83,00:14:24.82 A satisfying meal for a fish[br]with a highly extendible stomach. 00:14:34.84,00:14:38.83 Attracting a mate in this endless darkness[br]can be even harder than finding food. 00:14:45.85,00:14:48.85 Flashing lures may be helpful[br]in doing this, 00:14:48.85,00:14:52.85 certainly only female anglers have them. 00:14:56.86,00:14:59.87 The tiny males are just a tenth[br]the size of the females. 00:14:59.87,00:15:03.86 Their only purpose is somehow[br]to find a mate in the darkness. 00:15:04.87,00:15:07.87 She releases chemicals into the water, 00:15:07.87,00:15:11.87 which the males scent with a special[br]white organ in front of their eyes. 00:15:15.88,00:15:17.88 Having found a partner, 00:15:17.88,00:15:21.88 the male bites at her belly[br]with specially designed teeth. 00:15:26.89,00:15:30.89 He needs to get permanently attached. 00:15:33.90,00:15:37.90 Within a matter of weeks[br]the male is completely fused to the female 00:15:37.90,00:15:40.91 and there he will stay[br]for the rest of his life. 00:15:40.91,00:15:42.91 Her blood circulating in his body 00:15:42.91,00:15:46.91 provides him[br]with all the sustenance he needs. 00:15:46.91,00:15:48.91 In return, she gets a continuous, 00:15:48.91,00:15:51.92 reliable supply of sperm[br]- a brilliant solution 00:15:51.92,00:15:55.91 to the problem of finding a mate[br]in the vast emptiness of the deep sea. 00:16:06.93,00:16:10.94 To help in the constant battle between[br]predators and prey, 00:16:10.94,00:16:14.93 some fish in the dark zone have[br]developed headlights. 00:16:21.95,00:16:23.95 These light-producing photophores beneath 00:16:23.95,00:16:27.94 their eyes may be used to[br]search out prey in the darkness. 00:16:30.96,00:16:34.95 Most bioluminescence in the deep sea[br]is blue or greenish-blue, 00:16:35.96,00:16:39.95 but a very few predatory fish[br]produce red light. 00:16:44.97,00:16:48.96 With this,[br]red prey becomes obvious in the darkness. 00:16:50.98,00:16:52.98 Red light is rare down here 00:16:52.98,00:16:55.98 and most animal eyes can't see it. 00:16:55.98,00:16:58.98 Only these fish can do so. 00:16:58.98,00:17:02.98 This gives them a sniper scope,[br]a headlight invisible to their targets. 00:17:10.00,00:17:13.99 This copepod, un-alarmed,[br]takes no avoiding action. 00:17:22.01,00:17:26.00 Bioluminescence is useful[br]in escape as well as attack. 00:17:32.02,00:17:36.01 A shrimp senses a threat. 00:17:39.02,00:17:43.02 It spins in the water,[br]releasing a bioluminescent glue. 00:17:47.03,00:17:49.03 This acts like a burglar alarm, 00:17:49.03,00:17:51.04 startling the attacking fish[br]and leaving it 00:17:51.04,00:17:52.04 illuminated in the dark and 00:17:52.04,00:17:56.03 vulnerable to its own predators. 00:17:59.04,00:18:03.04 These twinkling lights in the darkness[br]are produced by copepods. 00:18:06.05,00:18:09.05 They probably flash like this[br]to communicate with one another 00:18:09.05,00:18:13.05 and confuse their predators. 00:18:16.06,00:18:18.06 The most sensitive eyes in the ocean 00:18:18.06,00:18:22.06 belong to an ostracod[br]called Gigantocypris. 00:18:23.07,00:18:27.06 It's the size of a pea,[br]but that's enormous for an ostracod. 00:18:29.07,00:18:31.08 Copepods are a favourite prey 00:18:31.08,00:18:35.07 and it actively searches for[br]their flashes in the darkness. 00:18:39.08,00:18:43.08 But this copepod has a way of[br]confusing a hunting Gigantocypris. 00:18:48.09,00:18:52.09 It discharges a packet[br]of bioluminescent liquid. 00:18:54.10,00:18:58.09 The flash is delayed, like a depth charge. 00:19:01.11,00:19:03.11 Spinning, confused, in the water, 00:19:03.11,00:19:07.10 Gigantocypris chases after the flashes. 00:19:15.12,00:19:19.11 And the copepod slips away[br]unseen into the darkness. 00:19:28.13,00:19:31.14 The ultimate bioluminescent[br]defence mechanism 00:19:31.14,00:19:33.14 has to be the light show created 00:19:33.14,00:19:37.13 by the deep sea jellyfish, Periphylla. 00:19:47.15,00:19:51.15 That, presumably,[br]is the way it scares away its enemies. 00:20:06.17,00:20:10.18 These bright lights[br]are all produced by firefly squid. 00:20:10.18,00:20:14.18 Normally, they live way down[br]at around three hundred metres, 00:20:14.18,00:20:18.18 beyond the reach of these[br]Japanese fishermen's nets. 00:20:18.18,00:20:22.18 But for a few months each Spring[br]they come to the surface every night. 00:20:26.19,00:20:28.19 The brightest lights come from 00:20:28.19,00:20:31.20 the bioluminescent tips of[br]their two front tentacles. 00:20:31.20,00:20:33.20 But it's only in the dark of the deep sea 00:20:33.20,00:20:37.19 that you can really appreciate[br]the full complexity of their displays. 00:20:38.20,00:20:40.21 It's not just their tentacles, 00:20:40.21,00:20:44.20 but their whole bodies that are[br]covered in photophores. 00:20:48.21,00:20:50.22 The exact function is not clear. 00:20:50.22,00:20:54.21 The bright tentacle tips may be for[br]attracting mates or dazzling predators. 00:20:55.22,00:20:57.22 The rest may be camouflage 00:20:57.22,00:21:01.22 providing counter shading for the squid[br]as they journey up into the twilight zone. 00:21:06.23,00:21:07.23 Every night in the season 00:21:07.23,00:21:11.23 hundreds of thousands of squid journey up[br]into the shallow water to spawn. 00:21:18.24,00:21:20.25 Before dawn,[br]they will return to the depths 00:21:20.25,00:21:24.24 leaving their eggs to develop[br]in the shallows. 00:21:34.26,00:21:37.26 The daily cycle of the sun has a profound 00:21:37.26,00:21:40.27 influence on life in the deep ocean. 00:21:40.27,00:21:43.27 As the sun sets, it triggers the largest 00:21:43.27,00:21:47.27 migration of living organisms[br]on our planet. 00:21:47.27,00:21:50.28 One thousand million tonnes of animals 00:21:50.28,00:21:52.28 travel up from the dark zone into richer, 00:21:52.28,00:21:56.27 shallower water, every night. 00:21:58.28,00:22:00.29 Tiny grazers are first up 00:22:00.29,00:22:04.28 searching for the microscopic plants that[br]only grow in shallow sunlit waters. 00:22:07.29,00:22:11.29 Predators follow the grazers. 00:22:13.30,00:22:16.30 An enormous variety of[br]different animals join the convoy 00:22:16.30,00:22:20.29 or feed off it as it passes. 00:22:25.31,00:22:27.31 Many will travel up hundreds of metres 00:22:27.31,00:22:29.31 towards the surface and then at dawn 00:22:29.31,00:22:32.32 finding themselves at[br]greater risk from predators 00:22:32.32,00:22:36.31 the visitors return to the safer[br]darkness of the depths. 00:22:44.33,00:22:47.33 The sun's rays only have a direct effect[br]in the top hundred metres, 00:22:47.33,00:22:49.33 or so, of the ocean. 00:22:49.33,00:22:53.33 It's only here that photosynthesis can[br]take place and coral reefs can flourish. 00:22:55.34,00:22:58.34 Leave this thin, rich slice of life and 00:22:58.34,00:23:00.35 travel over the outer face of the reef and 00:23:00.35,00:23:04.34 you quickly enter a far[br]more demanding world. 00:23:13.36,00:23:17.35 Below a hundred and fifty metres[br]photosynthesis becomes impossible. 00:23:19.36,00:23:23.36 You find no plants, just animals. 00:23:25.37,00:23:29.37 Here, the animals are adapted to[br]catch marine snow, 00:23:29.37,00:23:33.38 particles of dead animals and[br]plants that drift down from above. 00:23:33.38,00:23:35.38 So they depend, second-hand, 00:23:35.38,00:23:37.38 on the energy captured from the sun 00:23:37.38,00:23:41.38 by organisms living in the surface waters. 00:23:50.40,00:23:51.40 Travelling close to the sea floor 00:23:51.40,00:23:55.39 we're going to take a journey to[br]the very bottom of the deep sea... 00:23:58.40,00:24:02.40 ... to a world completely separate[br]from the midwater above. 00:24:11.42,00:24:12.42 At around three hundred metres, 00:24:12.42,00:24:15.42 the drop off levels out and 00:24:15.42,00:24:19.41 we move out onto the Continental slope. 00:24:20.43,00:24:22.43 This stretches for about a hundred and 00:24:22.43,00:24:25.43 fifty miles from the coast,[br]sloping in the gentle gradient 00:24:25.43,00:24:29.42 down to a maximum depth[br]of four thousand metres. 00:24:31.44,00:24:35.43 Water temperatures down here drop[br]below 4 degrees centigrade and 00:24:36.44,00:24:40.43 the pressure can reach up to 400 times[br]that of the surface. 00:24:48.45,00:24:52.46 Without the lights of the submersible[br]it would be completely dark. 00:24:52.46,00:24:54.46 The water is crystal clear because 00:24:54.46,00:24:57.46 there's so little organic matter. 00:24:57.46,00:24:59.46 Only three per cent[br]of the potential food in the 00:24:59.46,00:25:03.46 surface waters reaches[br]the Continental slope. 00:25:07.47,00:25:10.48 At first sight it[br]appears a lifeless desert 00:25:10.48,00:25:14.47 but take a closer look and you notice[br]a network of tracks and trails. 00:25:16.48,00:25:20.47 There is life even down here. 00:25:22.49,00:25:25.49 These animals would die[br]immediately if brought 00:25:25.49,00:25:28.49 to the surface in nets,[br]so you can only see them 00:25:28.49,00:25:31.50 behaving normally from submersibles. 00:25:31.50,00:25:35.49 Many are new to science. 00:25:37.50,00:25:41.51 The deep sea floor is dominated[br]by echinoderms 00:25:41.51,00:25:45.50 sea cucumbers,[br]brittle stars and sea urchins. 00:25:46.51,00:25:48.51 There are literally millions of them 00:25:48.51,00:25:51.52 marching across the seabed,[br]hoovering up any 00:25:51.52,00:25:55.52 edible particles there[br]might be in the sediment. 00:25:55.52,00:25:57.52 They come in all sorts of shapes and sizes 00:25:57.52,00:26:00.53 and though they are very thinly spread 00:26:00.53,00:26:02.53 the deep ocean floor is so vast that 00:26:02.53,00:26:06.52 these are among the most numerous[br]animals on the planet. 00:26:07.53,00:26:09.53 Their spikes are good for locomotion[br]and defence 00:26:09.53,00:26:13.53 but perhaps not quite so good[br]when it comes to mating. 00:26:17.54,00:26:21.55 Finding a mate in this largely[br]empty sea floor could be a problem 00:26:21.55,00:26:24.55 so some urchins stay together in herds 00:26:24.55,00:26:28.54 to be sure that they're never too[br]far from a potential partner. 00:26:31.56,00:26:35.56 Rocky outcrops provide good anchorage[br]for animals that rely on food 00:26:35.56,00:26:37.56 that might drift past. 00:26:37.56,00:26:40.57 These crinoids, or sea lilies 00:26:40.57,00:26:44.56 Iook like plants, but are in fact animals. 00:26:46.57,00:26:48.57 Their long stalks ensure[br]that their umbrella 00:26:48.57,00:26:50.58 of feeding tentacles are positioned 00:26:50.58,00:26:53.58 to best effect in the current. 00:26:53.58,00:26:55.58 Particles are swept onto the arms 00:26:55.58,00:26:59.57 and carried down to a mouth[br]in the middle of the umbrella. 00:27:01.59,00:27:05.59 These sudden movements swat[br]away tiny amphipods 00:27:05.59,00:27:09.58 that try to steal the sea lily's captures. 00:27:17.60,00:27:20.61 Coral reefs are not supposed to exist[br]in total darkness 00:27:20.61,00:27:24.60 but recently a new kind of coral[br]was found as deep as two thousand metres. 00:27:27.61,00:27:29.61 In the cold waters of a Norwegian Fjord 00:27:29.61,00:27:32.62 there was a deep sea[br]reef thirty metres high 00:27:32.62,00:27:36.62 and two hundred metres long. 00:27:36.62,00:27:38.62 This coral gets no energy from the sun 00:27:38.62,00:27:42.63 so it has to be very efficient[br]in catching food. 00:27:42.63,00:27:46.62 Its polyps are far larger than[br]those of shallow water corals. 00:27:52.64,00:27:56.63 These are, in fact,[br]the largest coral polyps in the ocean. 00:27:58.64,00:28:02.64 They belong to the deep sea mushroom coral 00:28:03.65,00:28:05.65 Their three centimetre long tentacles 00:28:05.65,00:28:09.64 can catch far larger prey than[br]other corals can. 00:28:12.66,00:28:15.66 This necessity to capture[br]every particle of food 00:28:15.66,00:28:17.66 that comes within reach[br]in this near desert 00:28:17.66,00:28:21.66 has radically changed many animals. 00:28:22.67,00:28:24.67 Most Tunicates are filter feeders 00:28:24.67,00:28:27.67 but this one, uniquely,[br]has become a predator 00:28:27.67,00:28:31.67 and it's greatly enlarged siphon[br]has been converted into a trap. 00:28:43.69,00:28:46.69 Most sea cucumbers stay firmly[br]on the bottom 00:28:46.69,00:28:50.68 but not this extraordinary[br]deep sea species. 00:28:55.70,00:28:57.70 Its skirts of skin allow it to swim 00:28:57.70,00:29:01.70 hundreds of metres above the sea floor. 00:29:15.72,00:29:17.72 Eventually it will descend and 00:29:17.72,00:29:21.72 with luck,[br]will land on fresh feeding grounds. 00:29:29.73,00:29:31.74 This, though, has to be the most 00:29:31.74,00:29:33.74 extraordinary animal design of all. 00:29:33.74,00:29:35.74 It's a polychaete worm and normally 00:29:35.74,00:29:39.73 you would expect the long pulsating body[br]to be stuck firmly in the sediment. 00:29:43.75,00:29:45.75 This worm, alone in its group 00:29:45.75,00:29:49.74 swims in the open water. 00:29:53.76,00:29:55.76 Propelling itself with its yellow frill 00:29:55.76,00:29:59.76 it moves about[br]and so finds new sources of food 00:29:59.76,00:30:03.76 or maybe succeeds in escaping[br]from a predator. 00:30:07.77,00:30:10.78 This is Chimaera, a close[br]relative of the sharks 00:30:10.78,00:30:14.78 less than a metre long. 00:30:14.78,00:30:16.78 Sensory pits on its chin help it hunt 00:30:16.78,00:30:18.78 prey on the bottom, while its surprisingly 00:30:18.78,00:30:22.78 large eyes may help it[br]spot bioluminescence. 00:30:30.80,00:30:33.80 Large fish are rare down here 00:30:33.80,00:30:35.80 there's simply not enough[br]live prey to sustain them. 00:30:35.80,00:30:38.80 Most have become scavengers. 00:30:38.80,00:30:42.80 A dead tuna has attracted[br]a deep sea conger eel... 00:30:44.81,00:30:46.81 ... and a six gilled shark. 00:30:46.81,00:30:50.80 These monsters grow to eight metres long. 00:31:04.83,00:31:07.83 Six gills are living fossils. 00:31:07.83,00:31:09.83 For a hundred and fifty million years 00:31:09.83,00:31:10.84 they have existed unchanged 00:31:10.84,00:31:14.83 living in water as deep as two thousand[br]five hundred metres. 00:31:18.84,00:31:20.85 Very few people have ever[br]been lucky enough 00:31:20.85,00:31:22.85 to glimpse these sharks from submersibles 00:31:22.85,00:31:26.84 and we know almost nothing[br]about their behaviour. 00:31:33.86,00:31:36.86 The body of a tuna is a substantial meal 00:31:36.86,00:31:39.86 but just occasionally a really gigantic 00:31:39.86,00:31:43.86 corpse drifts down to the deep sea floor. 00:31:47.87,00:31:51.88 This is the freshly dead carcass of[br]a thirty ton Grey whale. 00:31:51.88,00:31:55.87 It's resting on the sea floor a mile down. 00:31:56.88,00:31:58.88 It's only been on the bottom for six weeks 00:31:58.88,00:32:02.88 but already it has[br]attracted hundreds of hagfish. 00:32:04.89,00:32:08.88 These ancient scavengers are nearly[br]always the first to discover a fallen body 00:32:09.89,00:32:13.89 and are attracted from miles around. 00:32:16.90,00:32:18.90 They lack jaws and rasp at the flesh 00:32:18.90,00:32:21.91 with two rows of horny teeth[br]on either side of 00:32:21.91,00:32:25.90 their sucker-like mouths. 00:32:28.91,00:32:31.92 Next to arrive, a sleeper shark 00:32:31.92,00:32:34.92 a real deep sea specialist. 00:32:34.92,00:32:36.92 They grow to over seven metres long 00:32:36.92,00:32:40.91 and have never been filmed[br]at such a depth before. 00:32:44.93,00:32:48.92 The gaping wounds in the[br]whale's flank are its work. 00:32:55.94,00:32:58.94 Unlike the hagfish, it has powerful jaws 00:32:58.94,00:33:02.94 so is able to rip off huge chunks of meat. 00:33:08.95,00:33:11.96 Sharks, hagfish and a whole succession of 00:33:11.96,00:33:13.96 different deep sea scavengers will feast 00:33:13.96,00:33:17.95 on the carcass for years before[br]all its nutriment is gone. 00:33:20.97,00:33:21.97 Eighteen months later 00:33:21.97,00:33:23.97 when we returned to this whale 00:33:23.97,00:33:27.96 all that was left was a perfect skeleton,[br]stripped bare. 00:33:35.98,00:33:38.98 It was almost as if a museum specimen 00:33:38.98,00:33:42.98 had been carefully laid out[br]on the sea floor. 00:33:45.99,00:33:48.99 At first the skeleton seemed[br]totally abandoned 00:33:48.99,00:33:52.99 but even after so long there was[br]still some flesh left in the head. 00:34:00.00,00:34:02.01 Hagfish have a skeleton of cartilage 00:34:02.01,00:34:04.01 and are so flexible that they can tie 00:34:04.01,00:34:08.00 themselves into knots and so get a better[br]purchase on the flesh they feed on. 00:34:15.02,00:34:18.02 But smaller organisms had fed here. 00:34:18.02,00:34:21.03 A thick band of white bacteria had formed 00:34:21.03,00:34:25.03 on the mud outlining the original[br]shape of the whale. 00:34:25.03,00:34:28.03 And on the skeleton itself 00:34:28.03,00:34:29.03 colonies of specialised bacteria 00:34:29.03,00:34:33.03 were extracting energy[br]from the bones themselves. 00:34:37.04,00:34:39.04 Most remarkably and in huge abundance 00:34:39.04,00:34:43.05 polychaete worms were collecting[br]the last edible fragments. 00:34:43.05,00:34:46.05 These are a new species that so far have 00:34:46.05,00:34:50.04 only been found on the fallen bodies[br]of whales. 00:34:51.06,00:34:55.05 Scientists have discovered 178 different[br]animals on a single whale vertebra 00:34:57.06,00:35:00.06 most of which have been found nowhere else 00:35:00.06,00:35:03.07 This whale, lying over a mile down 00:35:03.07,00:35:07.07 was not filmed from a submersible[br]with an acrylic sphere. 00:35:07.07,00:35:11.08 Such craft can't go as deep as this. 00:35:11.08,00:35:13.08 To withstand the pressure here 00:35:13.08,00:35:16.08 you need a far stronger submersible. 00:35:16.08,00:35:19.08 This is Alvin, a two metre wide sphere 00:35:19.08,00:35:23.09 with just enough room in it for[br]a pilot and two observers. 00:35:23.09,00:35:27.09 Its walls are made of titanium,[br]the viewing ports have to be tiny. 00:35:27.09,00:35:30.09 Any larger,[br]and the submersible would implode... 00:35:30.09,00:35:34.09 under the enormous pressure down here. 00:35:35.10,00:35:39.09 Alvin can dive to 4500 metres,[br]three miles below the surface. 00:35:45.11,00:35:49.11 Around 3000 metres the Continental slope[br]finally flattens out... 00:35:49.11,00:35:52.12 and joins the abyssal plain. 00:35:52.12,00:35:55.12 This covers over half the earth's surface. 00:35:55.12,00:35:57.12 Mostly it's completely flat 00:35:57.12,00:36:00.12 but in places it's gashed[br]by massive trenches 00:36:00.12,00:36:04.12 hundreds of miles wide. 00:36:09.13,00:36:12.14 The deepest of these is the Mariana trench 00:36:12.14,00:36:16.13 which drops to over seven miles[br]below sea level. 00:36:23.15,00:36:25.15 There are just five manned submersibles 00:36:25.15,00:36:28.15 world-wide that can reach[br]the abyssal plain 00:36:28.15,00:36:30.15 and between them, so far, 00:36:30.15,00:36:34.15 they have explored less[br]than one per cent of it. 00:36:35.16,00:36:38.16 There are a thousand times[br]fewer large animals 00:36:38.16,00:36:40.16 down here than on the Continental slope. 00:36:40.16,00:36:43.17 But in places hundreds of brittle stars 00:36:43.17,00:36:47.16 march over the sea bed in search of food. 00:36:49.17,00:36:50.17 Fish have been found right down 00:36:50.17,00:36:53.18 to the bottom of the deepest trenches. 00:36:53.18,00:36:57.17 Most come from one family:[br]the aptly named rattails. 00:37:01.19,00:37:02.19 They forage near the sea floor 00:37:02.19,00:37:05.19 and use their battery of sensory pits 00:37:05.19,00:37:09.19 to follow odour trails[br]from rotting carcasses. 00:37:09.19,00:37:11.20 Rattails can travel long distances 00:37:11.20,00:37:14.20 across the abyssal plain in search of food 00:37:14.20,00:37:18.19 but others down here[br]prefer to sit and wait. 00:37:21.21,00:37:22.21 This is a tripod fish. 00:37:22.21,00:37:25.21 It supports itself[br]on two specially adapted fin 00:37:25.21,00:37:29.20 rays and can sit motionless[br]for hour after hour. 00:37:31.22,00:37:35.22 It does have tiny eyes,[br]but it's almost totally blind. 00:37:35.22,00:37:38.22 It locates potential prey with a pair of 00:37:38.22,00:37:42.22 fins behind its head, which are sensitive[br]to even tiny movements. 00:37:49.23,00:37:53.23 We know more about the surface of the moon[br]than we do about the abyssal plain. 00:37:54.24,00:37:58.23 Every dive still produces[br]complete surprises. 00:38:04.25,00:38:08.25 This deep sea octopus is about[br]the size of a beach ball... 00:38:08.25,00:38:12.25 and has been nicknamed 'Dumbo'. 00:38:21.27,00:38:24.27 An umbrella of skin between its tentacles 00:38:24.27,00:38:27.27 and its extraordinary[br]flapping ears allow Dumbo 00:38:27.27,00:38:31.26 to hover effortlessly over the sea floor[br]as it searches for food. 00:38:50.29,00:38:53.30 Right in the middle[br]of the abyssal plain lie the 00:38:53.30,00:38:57.29 largest geological structures[br]on our planet... 00:39:03.31,00:39:07.30 ... the mid ocean ridges. 00:39:11.32,00:39:14.32 Rising almost two miles off the sea floor 00:39:14.32,00:39:18.32 the ridges extend for[br]over twenty eight thousand miles 00:39:18.32,00:39:22.32 the largest mountain chain on earth. 00:39:27.33,00:39:30.33 When submersibles finally succeeded[br]in reaching the ridges... 00:39:30.33,00:39:32.34 in the 1970's they found 00:39:32.34,00:39:35.34 an extraordinary world with mile upon mile 00:39:35.34,00:39:38.34 of once molten rock that had welled up[br]from the deep in the past... 00:39:38.34,00:39:42.34 and had now solidified. 00:39:45.35,00:39:49.34 They discovered towering chimneys,[br]pouring out water as hot as molten lead. 00:40:18.38,00:40:22.39 At the surface water becomes steam[br]at a hundred degrees Centigrade 00:40:22.39,00:40:25.39 but down here under the[br]immense pressure of the ocean 00:40:25.39,00:40:29.38 it remains liquid at temperatures[br]as hot as four hundred degrees Centigrade. 00:40:35.40,00:40:37.40 The submersible has to move carefully. 00:40:37.40,00:40:41.39 Disaster is very close when surrounded by[br]such enormous temperatures and pressures. 00:40:45.41,00:40:49.41 And here, where the very water is loaded[br]with hydrogen sulphides 00:40:49.41,00:40:53.41 poisonous to normal life processes,[br]they found living creatures. 00:40:58.42,00:41:02.43 Some of the chimneys were[br]encrusted with white tubes. 00:41:02.43,00:41:06.43 The tubes were inhabited by[br]a new species of polychaete worm 00:41:06.43,00:41:10.42 that was exposed to temperatures[br]as high as eighty degrees Centigrade. 00:41:12.44,00:41:16.44 No other animal on earth was known[br]to tolerate such high temperatures 00:41:16.44,00:41:20.43 so the scientists called these[br]creatures Pompeii worms. 00:41:23.45,00:41:25.45 But this was just the beginning. 00:41:25.45,00:41:27.45 Nearby there were[br]chimneys completely covered... 00:41:27.45,00:41:31.44 by whole communities[br]of different organisms. 00:41:32.46,00:41:36.45 The bottom of the vent was[br]encrusted with large mussels. 00:41:38.46,00:41:42.47 There were swarms of white crabs[br]and most spectacular of all 00:41:42.47,00:41:46.47 dominating the chimney were[br]hundreds of bright red tube worms 00:41:46.47,00:41:50.46 each two metres long[br]and four centimetres wide. 00:41:51.48,00:41:53.48 Until these creatures were discovered 00:41:53.48,00:41:57.48 all life on earth was thought[br]to be dependent on the sun. 00:41:57.48,00:42:00.48 But here,[br]in the complete darkness of the deep 00:42:00.48,00:42:02.49 they had discovered a rich density of life 00:42:02.49,00:42:06.48 that clearly derived[br]no energy from the sun. 00:42:13.50,00:42:15.50 So, what do they live on? 00:42:15.50,00:42:18.50 The answer was found within[br]the tube worms themselves. 00:42:18.50,00:42:21.51 They were packed full[br]of specialised bacteria 00:42:21.51,00:42:25.50 that are able to derive energy from the[br]sulphides that are pouring from the vents. 00:42:31.52,00:42:33.52 The worms' plumes were bright red 00:42:33.52,00:42:35.52 with haemoglobin that carries sulphides 00:42:35.52,00:42:39.52 and oxygen down to the bacteria. 00:42:39.52,00:42:43.53 These bacterial colonies[br]are the primary source of energy... 00:42:43.53,00:42:45.53 for all the life that lives here. 00:42:45.53,00:42:46.53 The mussels were packed with them 00:42:46.53,00:42:49.53 just as green plants are the basis of life 00:42:49.53,00:42:51.54 for animals living in the sun 00:42:51.54,00:42:53.54 so these bacteria and other microbes 00:42:53.54,00:42:57.53 are at the foot of the food chain on[br]which over five hundred species depend. 00:43:05.55,00:43:08.55 Crabs and shrimps[br]feed off bacteria and even 00:43:08.55,00:43:12.55 try to steal pieces of tube worm plumes. 00:43:17.56,00:43:19.56 Since the vents were first visited by 00:43:19.56,00:43:23.56 biologists in 1979 a new species[br]has been described every ten days. 00:43:28.57,00:43:29.57 At the top of the food chain fish 00:43:29.57,00:43:33.58 that never stray far from the vents. 00:43:33.58,00:43:35.58 But they, or their descendants,[br]will have to move eventually 00:43:35.58,00:43:38.58 for we now know that individual vents 00:43:38.58,00:43:42.58 are rarely active[br]for more than a few decades. 00:43:56.60,00:43:59.60 Such a density of life,[br]living in such harsh conditions 00:43:59.60,00:44:02.61 in the middle of a vast and otherwise 00:44:02.61,00:44:06.60 barren abyssal plain astounded the[br]biologists who first saw it. 00:44:10.61,00:44:13.62 It seemed to them[br]that here was evidence of 00:44:13.62,00:44:17.61 how life on this planet, which certainly[br]started in the sea, might have begun. 00:44:23.63,00:44:27.62 Deep sea submersibles made an even more[br]extraordinary discovery in 1990. 00:44:40.64,00:44:44.65 Over half a mile down at[br]the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico 00:44:44.65,00:44:48.65 they came across what appeared[br]to be an underwater lake 00:44:48.65,00:44:52.65 over twenty metres long,[br]with its own sandy shore. 00:44:53.66,00:44:56.66 Around its edge,[br]there even seemed to be a tide line. 00:44:56.66,00:45:00.65 But this couldn't be, of course,[br]this was underwater. 00:45:02.67,00:45:06.66 In fact, the lapping edge was created[br]by a thick soup of salty brine 00:45:07.67,00:45:10.67 far heavier than the surrounding seawater 00:45:10.67,00:45:14.67 and the sand was made up of hundreds[br]of thousands of mussels. 00:45:15.68,00:45:19.68 Once again, in the midst of[br]a totally barren seabed 00:45:19.68,00:45:22.69 an extraordinarily rich oasis of life 00:45:22.69,00:45:26.68 totally independent of the sun's energy. 00:45:29.69,00:45:32.70 The source of energy[br]this time was not sulphides 00:45:32.70,00:45:35.70 but methane bubbling out of the sea bed. 00:45:35.70,00:45:37.70 And once again, the mussels carried 00:45:37.70,00:45:41.69 special bacteria capable of[br]fixing the methane's energy. 00:45:42.71,00:45:43.71 Just like the hot vents 00:45:43.71,00:45:47.70 a complete ecosystem had developed,[br]based on the bacteria. 00:45:48.71,00:45:52.72 There was an enormous variety of[br]completely new species, 00:45:52.72,00:45:56.71 shrimps, weird squat lobsters[br]and bright red polychaete worms. 00:46:07.73,00:46:10.73 These oases were called cold seeps 00:46:10.73,00:46:14.73 and were surprisingly similar[br]to the hot vents. 00:46:19.74,00:46:21.75 The geological processes in the sea floor 00:46:21.75,00:46:23.75 that produce methane also tend to result 00:46:23.75,00:46:26.75 in the release of hydrogen sulphides. 00:46:26.75,00:46:27.75 It was hardly surprising then 00:46:27.75,00:46:31.74 when not far from the brine pool[br]they found tube worms ... 00:46:34.76,00:46:37.76 ... extensive fields of tube worms 00:46:37.76,00:46:40.76 that stretch for hundreds of metres. 00:46:40.76,00:46:42.77 This new species also uses bacteria 00:46:42.77,00:46:44.77 to fix energy from sulphides 00:46:44.77,00:46:48.76 but it extracts them directly[br]from the ground. 00:46:52.78,00:46:56.77 Their beautiful gills are only used[br]to supply oxygen to the bacteria. 00:47:00.78,00:47:04.79 Amazingly, these tube worms are[br]over two hundred years old. 00:47:04.79,00:47:07.79 While hot vent tube worms[br]are thought to be 00:47:07.79,00:47:09.79 the fastest growing invertebrates[br]in the sea 00:47:09.79,00:47:12.80 these appear to be far slower. 00:47:12.80,00:47:16.79 All the more reason to protect your gills[br]from biting amphipods. 00:47:20.80,00:47:24.80 The energy sources exploited by the hot[br]vent animals may suddenly fail 00:47:25.81,00:47:29.80 but here life can enjoy a more[br]stable geological future. 00:47:34.82,00:47:36.82 To discover within ten years 00:47:36.82,00:47:40.82 two completely new ecosystems, both[br]totally independent of the sun's energy 00:47:40.82,00:47:43.83 has been quite extraordinary. 00:47:43.83,00:47:47.83 So far, we have explored just[br]one per cent of the deep ocean floor. 00:47:47.83,00:47:51.82 Who knows what is still[br]out there to be discovered?
BBC - The Blue Planet (1 of 8) - Ocean World
BBC - The Blue Planet (2 of 8) - The Deep
BBC - The Blue Planet (3 of 8) - Open Ocean
BBC - The Blue Planet (4 of 8) - Frozen Seas
BBC - The Blue Planet (5 of 8) - Seasonal Seas
BBC - The Blue Planet (6 of 8) - Coral Seas
BBC - The Blue Planet (7 of 8) - Tidal Seas
BBC - The Blue Planet (8 of 8) - Coasts
Babi Leto - Autumn Spring (2002)
Baby Doll
Baby Geniuses 2 2004
Babylon 5 - 2x01 - Points of Departure
Babylon 5 - 2x02 - Revelations
Babylon 5 - 2x03 - The Geometry of Shadows
Babylon 5 - 2x04 - A Distant Star
Babylon 5 - 2x04 - The Long Dark
Babylon 5 - 2x06 - Spider in the Web
Babylon 5 - 2x07 - Soul Mates
Babylon 5 - 2x08 - A Race Through Dark Places
Babylon 5 - 2x09 - The Coming of Shadows
Babylon 5 - 2x10 - Gropos
Babylon 5 - 2x11 - All Alone in the Night
Babylon 5 - 2x12 Acts of Sacrifice
Babylon 5 - 2x13 - Hunter Prey
Babylon 5 - 2x14 - There All the Honor Lies
Babylon 5 - 2x15 - And Now For A Word
Babylon 5 - 2x17 - Knives
Babylon 5 - 2x18 - Confessions and Lamentations
Babylon 5 - 2x19 - Divided Loyalties
Babylon 5 - 2x20 - The Long Twilight Struggle
Babylon 5 - 2x21 - Comes the Inquisitor
Babylon 5 - 2x22 - The Fall Of Night
Babylon 5 - 3x03 - A Day in the Strife
Babylon 5 - 3x05 - Voices of Authority
Babylon 5 - 3x06 - Dust to Dust
Babylon 5 - 3x07 - Exogenesis
Babylon 5 - 3x08 - Messages from Earth
Babylon 5 - 3x09 - Point of No Return
Babylon 5 - 3x10 - Severed Dreams
Babylon 5 - 3x11 - Ceremonies of Light and Dark
Babylon 5 - 3x12 - Sic Transit Vir
Babylon 5 - 3x13 - A Late Delivery From Avalon
Babylon 5 - 3x14 - Ship of Tears
Babylon 5 - 3x16 - War Without End (Part I)
Babylon 5 - 3x17 - War Without End (Part II)
Babylon 5 - 3x18 - Walkabout
Babylon 5 - 3x19 - Grey 17 is Missing
Babylon 5 - 3x20 - And the Rock Cried Out No Hiding Place
Babylon 5 - 3x21 - Shadow Dancing
Babylon 5 1x01 Midnight on the Firing Line
Babylon 5 1x02 Soul Hunter
Babylon 5 1x03 Born to the Purple
Babylon 5 1x04 Infection
Babylon 5 1x05 The Parliament of Dreams
Babylon 5 1x06 Mind War
Babylon 5 1x07 The War Prayer
Babylon 5 1x08 And The Sky Full Of Stars
Babylon 5 1x09 Deathwalker
Babylon 5 1x10 Believers
Babylon 5 1x11 Survivors
Babylon 5 1x12 By Any Means Necessary
Babylon 5 1x13 Signs and Portents
Babylon 5 1x14 TKO
Babylon 5 1x15 Grail
Babylon 5 1x16 Eyes
Babylon 5 1x17 Legacies
Babylon 5 1x18 A voice in the wilderness - Part 1
Babylon 5 1x19 A voice in the wilderness - Part 2
Babylon 5 1x20 Babylon squared
Babylon 5 1x21 The Quality Of Mercy
Babylon 5 1x22 Crysalis
Babylon 5 3x01 Matters of Honor
Babylon 5 4x01 - The Hour of the Wolf
Babylon 5 4x02 - What Ever Happened to Mr Garibaldi
Babylon 5 4x03 - The Summoning
Babylon 5 4x04 - Falling Towards Apotheosis
Babylon 5 4x05 - The Long Night
Babylon 5 4x06 - Into the Fire
Babylon 5 4x07 - Epiphanies
Babylon 5 4x08 - The Illusion of Truth
Babylon 5 4x09 - Atonement
Babylon 5 4x10 - Racing Mars
Babylon 5 4x11 - Lines of Communication
Babylon 5 4x12 - Conflicts of Interest
Babylon 5 4x13 - Rumors Bargains and Lies
Babylon 5 4x14 - Moments of Transition
Babylon 5 4x15 - No Surrender No Retreat
Babylon 5 4x16 - The Exercise of Vital Powers
Babylon 5 4x17 - The Face of the Enemy
Babylon 5 4x18 - Intersections in Real Time
Babylon 5 4x19 - Between the Darkness and the Light
Babylon 5 4x20 - Endgame
Babylon 5 4x21 - Rising Star
Babylon 5 4x22 - The Deconstruction of Falling Stars
Babys Day Out
Bachelor Party
Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer The
Back To Bataan
Back To The Future 1
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Back To The Future 2
Back To The Future 2 (hi)
Back To The Future 3
Back To The Future 3 (hi)
Back to School (Alan Metter 1986)
Back to the Future II
Back to the Future III
Backfield in Motion
BadBoys TrueStory 2003 CD1
BadBoys TrueStory 2003 CD2
Bad Company
Bad Guy 2001
Bad Santa
Bad Santa (unrated)
Bad Seed The 1956
Bad Timing (Nicolas Roeg 1980)
Bad and the Beautiful The
Badboys II
Baise Moi
Balanta 1992 (The Oak)
Ballad Of A Soldier 1959
Balseros 2002
Bamba La (1987)
Band of Brothers 01 - Currahee
Band of Brothers 02 - Day of Days
Band of Brothers 03 - Carentan
Band of Brothers 04 - Replacements
Band of Brothers 05 - Crossroads
Band of Brothers 06 - Bastogne
Band of Brothers 07 - The Breaking Point
Band of Brothers 08 - The Last Patrol
Band of Brothers 09 - Why We Fight
Band of Brothers 10 - Points
Band of Outsiders
Bande des quatre La 1988 CD1
Bande des quatre La 1988 CD2
Bao biao (1969) - Have sword Chang Cheh
Bao lian deng (1999)
Bar El Chino 2003
Baramui Fighter CD1
Baramui Fighter CD2
Barberella - A Queen Of The Galaxy
Bare Bea 2004
Barefoot Gen 1983
Barrio 1947 25fps
Basara The Princess 1992 CD1
Basara The Princess 1992 CD2
Basic Instinct
Batman - Mystery of the Batwoman
Batman - The Movie
Batman 1989 CD1
Batman 1989 CD2
Batman and Robin
Batoru Rowaioru II - Requiem (2003) CD1
Batoru Rowaioru II - Requiem (2003) CD2
Batteries Included
Battle Cry CD1
Battle Cry CD2
Battle Hymn 1957
Battle Royale (2000) Directors Cut CD1
Battle Royale (2000) Directors Cut CD2
Battle Royale 2 (2003)
Battle for the Planet of the Apes
Battle of Algiers The (Gillo Pontecorvo 1965) CD1
Battle of Algiers The (Gillo Pontecorvo 1965) CD2
Battle of Britain CD1
Battle of Britain CD2
Battle of the Bulge CD1
Battle of the Bulge CD2
Battlefield Baseball
Battlefield Earth
Battlestar Galactica 01x01 - 33
Battlestar Galactica 01x01 - Litmus
Battlestar Galactica 01x01 - Water
Battlestar Galactica 01x03 - Bastille Day
Battlestar Galactica 01x04 - Act of Contrition
Battlestar Galactica 01x05 - You Cant Go Home Again
Battlestar Galactica 01x07 - Six Degrees of Seperation
Battlestar Galactica 01x08 - Flesh and Bone
Battlestar Galactica 01x09 - Tigh Me Up, Tigh Me Down
Battlestar Galactica 01x10 - The Hand of God
Battlestar Galactica 01x11 - Colonial Day
Battlestar Galactica 01x12 - Kobols Last Gleaming Part 1
Battlestar Galactica 01x13 - Kobols Last Gleaming Part 2
Baxter 1989
Beach The
Bean - The Ultimate Disaster Movie
Beast Cops
Beast From 20,000 Fathoms The 1953
Beast Within The
Beast of War The
Beating Of The Butterflys Wings The 2000
Beatles Anthology The Episode1
Beatles Anthology The Episode2
Beatles Anthology The Episode3
Beatles Anthology The Episode4
Beatles Anthology The Episode5
Beatles Anthology The Episode6
Beatles Anthology The Episode7
Beatles Anthology The Episode8
Beatles Anthology The Special Features
Beatles The - A Hard Dayss Night
Beatles The First US Visit The
Beau Pere - Stepfather - Bertrand Blier 1981
Beautiful Creatures
Beautiful Girls
Beautiful Thing
Beautiful Troublemaker The (1991) CD1
Beautiful Troublemaker The (1991) CD2
Beautiful Troublemaker The (1991) CD3
Beautifull Mind A CD1
Beautifull Mind A CD2
Beauty And The Beast
Beauty and the Beast (Disney Special Platinum Edition)
Beavis and Butt-head Do America (1996)
Bedford Incident The
Bedroom Key The CD1
Bedroom Key The CD2
Before Night Falls 2000 CD1
Before Night Falls 2000 CD2
Before Sunrise
Before Sunset 2004
Beguiled The
Behind Enemy Lines 2001
Behind The Sun (Walter Salles 2001)
Being John Malkovich
Being There (1979) CD1
Being There (1979) CD2
Belle Epoque CD1
Belle Epoque CD2
Belle and La Bete La (1946)
Bellinin And The Spynx CD1
Bellinin And The Spynx CD2
Bells Of St Marys The (1945)
Belly Of The Beast
Belly of an Architect The
Ben-Hur CD1
Ben-Hur CD2
Bend It Like Beckham
Bend of the River 1952
Beneath the Planet of the Apes
Benny and Joon
Best years of our lives 1946
Bet on My Disco
Better Off Dead 1985
Better Than Chocolate
Better Tomorrow 2 A CD1
Better Tomorrow 2 A CD2
Better Tomorrow 3 A
Better Way To Die A
Between Heaven and Hell
Beverly Hillbillies The 1993
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Beyond Borders CD1
Beyond Borders CD2
Beyond The
Beyond The Clouds
Bez konca (No End 1985) CD1
Bez konca (No End 1985) CD2
Biches Les (Claude Chabrol 1968)
Bicho de sete cabezas
Bichunmoo CD1
Bichunmoo CD2
Big Blue The CD1
Big Blue The CD2
Big Bounce The
Big Chill The
Big Daddy
Big Deal on Madonna Street (1958)
Big Fat Liar
Big Fish 2003
Big Hit The
Big Lebowski The
Big Mommas House
Big Nihgt
Big Shot - A Confessions of a Campus Bookie 2002
Big Sleep The
Big clock The 1948
Big girls dont cry
Biker boyz
Billy Elliot
Billy Madison 1995
Biloxi blues
Bingwoo 2004 CD1
Bingwoo 2004 CD2
Bio Dome
Bio Hunter
Bio Zombie
Bionicle 2 A Legends of Metru-Nui
Bionicle Mask Of Light 2003
Birch Tree Meadow The
Bird People in China The 1998 CD1
Bird People in China The 1998 CD2
Bird on a wire
Bishops Wife The 1947 CD1
Bishops Wife The 1947 CD2
Bite the bullet
Bitter Sugar (Azucar amarga)
Black Angel
Black Sabbath
BlackAdder 1x1 - The Foretelling
BlackAdder 1x2 - Born to be King
BlackAdder 1x3 - The Archbishop
BlackAdder 1x4 - The Queen of Spains Beard
BlackAdder 1x5 - Witchsmeller Pursuivant
BlackAdder 1x6 - The Black Seal
BlackAdder 2x1 - Bells
BlackAdder 2x2 - Head
BlackAdder 2x3 - Potato
BlackAdder 2x4 - Money
BlackAdder 2x5 - Beer
BlackAdder 2x6 - Chains
BlackAdder 4x1 - Captain Cook
BlackAdder 4x2 - Corporal Punishment
BlackAdder 4x3 - Major Star
BlackAdder 4x4 - Private Plane
BlackAdder 4x5 - General Hospital
BlackAdder 4x6 - Goodbyeee
BlackAdder Christmas Carol 1988
BlackAdder The Cavalier Years
BlackAdder the Third 3x1
BlackAdder the Third 3x2
BlackAdder the Third 3x3
BlackAdder the Third 3x4
BlackAdder the Third 3x5
BlackAdder the Third 3x6
Black Adder V - Back and Forth
Black Christmas
Black Hawk Down
Black Mask
Black Mask 2
Black Orpheus
Black Rain CD1
Black Rain CD2
Black Sheep
Black Widow 1987
Black and White (1998)
Blackout The 1997 CD1
Blackout The 1997 CD2
Blade 3 - Trinity
Blade Of Fury
Blade Runner (1982 Original Cut) CD1
Blade Runner (1982 Original Cut) CD2
Blade Runner Directors Cut
Blair Witch Project The
Blame It On Rio
Blast From The Past 1999
Blast from the Past
Blazing Saddles
Blazing Sun (1960) CD1
Blazing Sun (1960) CD2
Bless The Child
Blind Beast
Blind Chance (1987) CD1
Blind Chance (1987) CD2
Blind Spot Hitlers Secretary (2002)
Blind date
Blob The 1988
Blood Crime
Blood Wedding (1981)
Blood Work
Blood and Black Lace
Blow 2001 CD1
Blow 2001 CD2
Blow Dry 2001
Blown Away 1994 CD1
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Blue (Derek Jarman)
Blue Car
Blue Collar Comedy Tour The Movie
Blue Max The CD1
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Blue Moon
Blue Planet The 1
Blue Planet The 2 - The Deep
Blue Planet The 3 - Open Ocean
Blue Planet The 4 - Frozen Seas
Blue Spring 2001
Blue Velvet
Blue juice 1995
Blue thunder
Blues Brothers The (1980) CD1
Blues Brothers The (1980) CD2
Blues Harp
Boat Trip - Feedback Overflow
Bob Le Flambeur 1955
Bob Marley Story - Rebel Music
Bob and Carol and Ted and Alice
Body Double
Body Heat
Body The
Boiler Room
Bola El
Bone Collector The
Bonnie and Clyde
Book of Fate The
Book of Pooh The
Boondock Saints The
Boot Das 1981 CD1
Boot Das 1981 CD2
Born Romantic
Boucher Le
Bourne supremacy The-1CD
Boxcar Bertha
Boy Who Saw The Wind The
Boys and Girls
Boyz N the Hood
Branca de Neve
Bread and Roses
Breakfast Club The
Breakfast at Tiffanys
Breakin all the rules
Breaking Away
Bride with White Hair The
Bridge Man The CD1
Bridge Man The CD2
Bright Future
Broadway Danny Rose
Brother (Takeshi Kitano)
Brother Sun Sister Moon 1972
Brother from Another Planet The 1984
Brotherhood Of The Wolf
Brothers The
Buena Estrella La (Lucky Star)
Buffalo Soldiers
Bug 1975
Bugs Bunny - Baseball Bugs (1946)
Bugs Bunny - Big Top Bunny (1951)
Bugs Bunny - Bugs Bunny Gets the Boid (1942)
Bugs Bunny - Bugs Bunny and the Three Bears (1944)
Bugs Bunny - Bugs and Thugs (1954)
Bugs Bunny - Bully for Bugs (1953)
Bugs Bunny - Frigid Hare (1949)
Bugs Bunny - Hair-Raising Hare (1946)
Bugs Bunny - Haredevil Hare (1948)
Bugs Bunny - Long Haired Hare (1949)
Bugs Bunny - My Bunny Lies Over the Sea (1948)
Bugs Bunny - Rabbits Kin (1952)
Bugs Bunny - Tortoise Wins by a Hare (1943)
Bugs Bunny - Wabbit Twouble (1941)
Bugs Bunny - Water Water Every Hare (1952)
Bugs Bunny - Whats Up Doc (1950)
Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck - Rabbit Fire (1951)
Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck - Rabbit Seasoning (1952)
Bugs Bunny and Elmer - Rabbit of Seville (1950)
Bugs Bunny and Taz - Devil May Hare (1954)
Bugs Bunny and Yosemite Sam - Ballot Box Bunny (1951)
Bugs Bunny and Yosemite Sam - Big House Bunny (1950)
Bugs Bunny and Yosemite Sam - Bunker Hill Bunny (1950)
Bugs Bunny and Yosemite Sam - High Diving Hare (1949)
Bugs Life A
Bullet Ballet
Bullet in the Head
Bulletproof Monk 2003
Bullets Over Broadway
Bully (Unrated Theatrical Edition)
Burning Paradise (Ringo Lam 1994)
Burnt Money
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid A Special Edition
Butchers Wife The