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BBC - The Blue Planet (7 of 8) - Tidal Seas

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[INFORMATION] [AUTHOR] [SOURCE] [PRG] [FILEPATH] [DELAY] [CD TRACK] [COMMENT] [END INFORMATION] [SUBTITLE] [COLF]&HFFFFFF,[STYLE]no,[SIZE]18,[FONT]Arial 00:00:35.30,00:00:39.29 There is a force sufficiently powerful[br]to move the oceans of this world 00:01:06.33,00:01:10.32 It is a force, not of this earth 00:01:13.34,00:01:16.34 The moon is large enough[br]to generate gravity 00:01:16.34,00:01:20.34 and with sufficient force[br]to pull on the earth, 00:01:20.34,00:01:24.34 two hundred and thirty[br]thousand miles away 00:01:25.35,00:01:29.34 As the moon orbits the earth its gravity[br]sweeps across the face of our planet 00:01:31.36,00:01:35.35 Its power drags a great bulge of oceanic[br]water in its wake 00:01:43.37,00:01:47.36 - the rising tide 00:01:49.37,00:01:53.37 The River Amazon in Brazil 00:01:54.38,00:01:57.38 On some special days the[br]gravitational forces 00:01:57.38,00:02:01.37 of the moon and the sun pull together[br]- to extraordinary effect 00:02:08.39,00:02:12.39 A growing tidal wave from the ocean[br]is being forced two hundred miles inland 00:02:16.40,00:02:20.39 This is a tidal bore 00:02:56.44,00:02:58.44 Fortunately tidal bores are rare, 00:02:58.44,00:03:02.45 but the moon does create strong[br]tides out in the world's oceans, 00:03:02.45,00:03:06.44 on every day of the year 00:03:12.46,00:03:16.45 The Bay of Fundy, in Nova Scotia 00:03:19.46,00:03:21.47 The tides here are[br]the largest in the world 00:03:21.47,00:03:25.46 and have a profound effect on marine life,[br]creating a rich feeding ground 00:03:31.48,00:03:35.47 A feast that attracts some of the[br]largest diners on the planet 00:03:45.49,00:03:49.48 Humpback whales 00:03:50.49,00:03:54.49 But they are not the biggest[br]threat to the herring 00:04:07.51,00:04:10.51 These are finback whales 00:04:10.51,00:04:14.52 At seventy tonnes - the second[br]largest animal on earth, 00:04:14.52,00:04:18.51 but so beautifully streamlined that[br]it is the fastest of the great whales 00:04:21.53,00:04:24.53 This combination of[br]speed and immense size 00:04:24.53,00:04:28.52 makes the finback a voracious[br]hunter of schooling fish 00:04:31.54,00:04:35.54 The Bay of Fundy can attract so many fish,[br]that during the summer, 00:04:35.54,00:04:39.53 as many as five hundred of these[br]magnificent whales hunt here every day 00:04:44.55,00:04:48.54 The feeding is best where[br]the tides run strongly 00:04:49.55,00:04:52.56 So the whales move[br]further into the bay, 00:04:52.56,00:04:56.55 following tidal rips[br]and searching for fish 00:05:03.57,00:05:07.56 Their movements are closely watched[br]by flocks of Cory Shearwaters 00:05:12.58,00:05:14.58 As the whales dive down[br]toward the fish 00:05:14.58,00:05:18.57 - more and more birds gather,[br]anxious to pick up scraps 00:05:32.60,00:05:34.60 The flowing tide may provide[br]a feast for the whales, 00:05:34.60,00:05:38.59 but before long it will turn 00:05:41.61,00:05:45.61 In just six hours,[br]one hundred billion tonnes of water 00:05:45.61,00:05:49.61 will flow out of the bay 00:05:49.61,00:05:52.62 The sea level falling[br]by as much as 15 metres 00:05:52.62,00:05:56.61 and exposing vast tracts[br]of mud... and sand 00:05:58.62,00:06:02.62 At first sight a barren place,[br]entirely devoid of life 00:06:07.63,00:06:11.64 In fact, the damp sand is[br]packed with microscopic life 00:06:11.64,00:06:14.64 - the meiofauna,[br]feeding in a sandy underworld, 00:06:14.64,00:06:18.63 quite unaffected by[br]the departure of the sea 00:06:22.65,00:06:26.64 But life is not all roses[br]in this miniature world 00:06:28.65,00:06:32.65 A sand bubbler crab - in Northern[br]Australia - it hunts meiofauna 00:06:34.66,00:06:38.65 Just a centimetre across, the sand[br]bubbler works at breakneck speed, 00:06:39.66,00:06:41.67 passing sand grains[br]into its mouth, 00:06:41.67,00:06:45.66 filtering out all the meiofauna[br]and kicking aside the waste 00:06:50.67,00:06:54.67 The crab will clean every grain of[br]sand within a metre of its burrow 00:06:57.68,00:07:01.67 Endless practise for the best back[br]heel in the Natural World 00:07:22.71,00:07:26.71 The crabs work fast because they can[br]only sieve when the sand is damp 00:07:26.71,00:07:29.71 Remarkably, they work the entire[br]surface of the beach 00:07:29.71,00:07:33.71 within just a couple of hours[br]of the tide retreating 00:07:40.72,00:07:44.72 Then they simply return to their[br]burrows and await the next tide 00:07:52.74,00:07:56.73 Underwater a falling tide is the[br]cue for some bizarre activity 00:08:01.75,00:08:04.75 These slow moving clams[br]use their muscular feet 00:08:04.75,00:08:08.74 to bury themselves under the sand 00:08:09.75,00:08:11.76 If they fail to get under cover, 00:08:11.76,00:08:15.75 the tide will leave them exposed[br]to the air and they will perish 00:08:18.76,00:08:22.77 But once underground they can[br]wait deep down in the sand, 00:08:22.77,00:08:26.76 safe beneath the beach 00:08:29.77,00:08:33.77 And not a moment too soon 00:08:34.78,00:08:38.78 June in Southeast Alaska[br]and in just four hours 00:08:38.78,00:08:42.78 a vast sandy beach is exposed[br]by the falling tide 00:08:49.79,00:08:52.80 The bears are hungry[br]- at this time of year 00:08:52.80,00:08:56.79 the pickings on land[br]are few and far between 00:08:57.80,00:09:01.79 But any food here has long since[br]buried itself deep under the sand 00:09:07.81,00:09:10.81 To a hungry adult bear[br]that is no barrier 00:09:10.81,00:09:14.81 - they smell the clams through[br]the sand and simply dig them out 00:09:18.82,00:09:21.83 For such large animals,[br]they show quite extraordinary dexterity 00:09:21.83,00:09:25.82 at opening the unfortunate[br]shellfish 00:09:43.85,00:09:47.84 Cubs try their luck, too,[br]none too successfully! 00:09:53.86,00:09:57.85 But for the adults the shellfish feast[br]lasts as long as the tide remains out 00:10:03.87,00:10:07.86 Table Mountain in South Africa 00:10:11.88,00:10:15.87 Every day the retreating waves leave[br]flotsam somewhere on the beach... 00:10:16.88,00:10:20.87 ...and this creature is scenting the[br]currents for the odour of rotting fish 00:10:23.89,00:10:27.88 The tide carries the scent[br]far into the surf zone 00:10:30.89,00:10:34.89 Responding to the smell,[br]snails emerge from the sand 00:10:41.91,00:10:45.90 This is a race against the tide[br]- the snails need to find their meal 00:10:46.91,00:10:50.91 before the tide leaves it[br]beyond their reach 00:10:50.91,00:10:54.91 But snails are slow and[br]the tides fall rapidly 00:10:57.92,00:11:01.91 These, however,[br]are no ordinary snails 00:11:02.93,00:11:06.92 They can surf! 00:11:29.95,00:11:32.96 They ride the waves up[br]the beach but all too soon 00:11:32.96,00:11:36.95 the tide leaves the fish[br]beyond the surf zone 00:11:43.97,00:11:47.97 Without the sea there's a danger[br]that the snails will lose the scent, 00:11:47.97,00:11:51.96 but as long as the sand remains damp they[br]can still follow a faint trail to the food 00:11:56.98,00:12:00.97 Once there they tuck in[br]with macabre relish 00:12:08.99,00:12:12.99 Good things come to[br]those who wait! 00:12:25.01,00:12:27.01 Before long the heat[br]of the sun forces them 00:12:27.01,00:12:31.00 to retreat into the sand to[br]await the return of the next tide 00:12:38.02,00:12:40.02 February in Britain 00:12:40.02,00:12:44.02 The falling tide is eagerly[br]awaited by these knot 00:13:08.05,00:13:12.06 As the water retreats[br]countless small invertebrates 00:13:12.06,00:13:16.05 are seeking shelter under the mud 00:13:18.06,00:13:22.05 And with good reason 00:13:36.08,00:13:39.08 Waders are specialists[br]at probing in the mud, 00:13:39.08,00:13:42.09 their wide variety of beak[br]shapes designed 00:13:42.09,00:13:44.09 for reaching different[br]invertebrate dinners 00:13:44.09,00:13:48.08 Keys that unlock the safety[br]of the tidal flats 00:14:00.10,00:14:04.10 But within a few hours[br]the tide will turn again 00:14:15.12,00:14:17.12 Soon the waders are out[br]of their depth 00:14:17.12,00:14:21.11 and the creatures of the mud[br]are safe once more 00:14:26.13,00:14:30.12 Underwater incoming tides[br]can create a strong current 00:14:31.13,00:14:35.13 And flounder are experts[br]at hitching a tidal lift 00:14:38.14,00:14:42.13 They are shaped rather like a kite[br]- a perfect design for gliding on the tide 00:14:46.15,00:14:49.15 In Newfoundland on the[br]East Coast of Canada, 00:14:49.15,00:14:53.15 large numbers of flounder ride[br]the currents up into the shallows 00:14:58.16,00:15:02.15 They have come to hunt invertebrates that[br]will emerge now that the water is back 00:15:22.19,00:15:26.18 The pickings in the shallows[br]can be very good 00:15:28.19,00:15:32.18 The activity has[br]not gone unnoticed 00:15:35.20,00:15:39.19 But Ospreys can't dive deeply 00:15:43.21,00:15:47.20 As long as the water is more than a meter[br]deep, the found then will be safe 00:15:59.22,00:16:03.22 Going too far inshore[br]can be a risky business 00:16:12.24,00:16:16.23 This fish buries itself completely[br]in the sand at any sign of danger 00:16:18.24,00:16:22.25 But when the tide floods in again,[br]as long as the coast is clear 00:16:22.25,00:16:26.24 - these sand lancet will re-emerge 00:16:34.26,00:16:38.26 After a wait of six hours under the sand,[br]they are desperate for food and, 00:16:38.26,00:16:42.25 unlike flounder,[br]they head out to sea 00:16:43.27,00:16:45.27 They are looking for[br]shallow open water, 00:16:45.27,00:16:49.26 where the tidal currents will[br]concentrate their food - plankton 00:16:57.28,00:17:01.27 In their untold thousand they stream[br]toward the best feeding grounds 00:17:02.29,00:17:06.28 Where they simply pick up[br]tiny planktonic creatures from the water 00:17:17.30,00:17:20.30 But, if they swim too far off-shore[br]in search of food, 00:17:20.30,00:17:24.30 they risk running into large predators[br]that live out in deeper water 00:17:28.31,00:17:32.30 Dogfish - small sharks 00:17:34.32,00:17:38.31 The sand lancet have strayed out[br]of their safe depth 00:18:37.38,00:18:41.37 The effect of the turning tide can[br]be totally different on a rocky shore 00:18:49.39,00:18:53.39 Here on the coast of Vancouver Island[br]in Canada the sun bakes the exposed rock 00:18:55.40,00:18:59.40 It's virtually impossible to dig[br]underground when the sea retreats, 00:18:59.40,00:19:03.41 so these mussels and barnacles are[br]fully exposed to the heat of the sun 00:19:03.41,00:19:07.40 - literally cooking[br]in their own shells 00:19:10.41,00:19:14.41 And the seaweed simply dry to a crisp 00:19:19.42,00:19:23.42 It can be a wait of many hours[br]before the water returns 00:19:27.43,00:19:31.42 Throughout each month the size[br]and strength of the tide changes 00:19:33.44,00:19:35.44 The biggest tides of all happen 00:19:35.44,00:19:38.44 when the gravities of the[br]sun and moon pull in unison 00:19:38.44,00:19:42.43 That happens immediately[br]after the new moon... 00:19:43.45,00:19:47.44 ...and again after the full moon 00:19:51.45,00:19:54.46 These are called the spring tides 00:19:54.46,00:19:58.45 They reveal vast tracts of sea bed[br]that would normally be covered 00:20:02.47,00:20:06.46 For these racoons it's a chance[br]to look for a seafood feast 00:20:08.47,00:20:12.46 A mother ventures forth with her kits 00:20:13.48,00:20:16.48 With the spring tide, they've[br]come further down the beach 00:20:16.48,00:20:20.47 than smaller tides would normally allow 00:20:29.49,00:20:33.50 Searching with their[br]extraordinarily sensitive paws 00:20:33.50,00:20:35.50 - they look for suitable prey 00:20:35.50,00:20:39.49 With the extreme low tide they[br]could find something special 00:20:54.52,00:20:58.51 And what could be better[br]than a red rock crab 00:21:00.52,00:21:04.52 That is, if it weren't for the risk[br]of a painful pinch 00:21:09.53,00:21:13.54 With large crabs[br]there's no substitute for experience 00:21:13.54,00:21:17.53 - the mother makes an expert's catch 00:21:24.55,00:21:28.54 But the kits learn fast! 00:21:32.56,00:21:36.55 And for those that don't[br]- begging is always worth a try! 00:21:41.56,00:21:45.56 All too soon the returning tide[br]will cover the racoon's table 00:21:53.58,00:21:55.58 For all the invertebrates[br]it is a welcome relief, 00:21:55.58,00:21:59.57 but in rough weather they are[br]exposed to the worst of the waves 00:22:41.62,00:22:44.63 Even when there are no waves[br]- the incoming tide 00:22:44.63,00:22:47.63 can create considerable forces underwater 00:22:47.63,00:22:50.63 The gaps between these small islands on 00:22:50.63,00:22:54.63 the East coast of Vancouver[br]Island channel the tidal flow 00:22:55.64,00:22:58.64 As the tide keeps rising,[br]gradually the water flows 00:22:58.64,00:23:02.65 faster and soon these giant thirty metre 00:23:02.65,00:23:06.64 long bull kelp plants bend to the current 00:23:18.66,00:23:21.66 They are sufficiently flexible[br]to cope without too much damage, 00:23:21.66,00:23:25.66 but there are some spots where[br]the currents are especially powerful 00:23:28.67,00:23:31.67 This is the Nakwakto Rapids 00:23:31.67,00:23:35.68 At the turn of the tide,[br]water from almost seven hundred miles 00:23:35.68,00:23:38.68 of coastal fjords will have[br]to empty through a gap 00:23:38.68,00:23:41.68 of less than half a mile wide 00:23:41.68,00:23:45.69 Within a few minutes the current[br]is already picking up speed, 00:23:45.69,00:23:49.68 until water roars by at over[br]seventeen miles per hour 00:24:27.73,00:24:31.72 Tidal currents are not always[br]a damaging force 00:24:32.74,00:24:35.74 - here in the Poor Knight[br]Islands of New Zealand, 00:24:35.74,00:24:37.74 weak tides run through rock arches, 00:24:37.74,00:24:41.73 making an ideal resting[br]place for stingrays 00:24:51.75,00:24:55.75 These rays congregate here[br]in huge numbers every March 00:24:56.76,00:25:00.75 - they've come to breed 00:25:04.77,00:25:08.77 The arches funnel the current,[br]which the rays can ride 00:25:08.77,00:25:12.76 with a minimum of effort,[br]so saving energy 00:25:21.78,00:25:25.79 Nearby, out in open water,[br]a school of two spotted desmoiselle fish 00:25:25.79,00:25:28.79 are feeding on plankton[br]and the current 00:25:28.79,00:25:32.78 is perfect for sweeping[br]their food past them 00:25:44.81,00:25:46.81 Once the current starts to weaken, 00:25:46.81,00:25:49.81 there is insufficient food to[br]warrant the risks of swimming 00:25:49.81,00:25:52.82 about out here in the open 00:25:52.82,00:25:56.81 So the desmoiselles head off[br]to find shelter en-masse 00:25:57.82,00:26:01.81 Safety is in numbers 00:26:08.83,00:26:12.84 More and more desmoiselles pour[br]towards the cave entrances 00:26:12.84,00:26:16.83 that riddle the Poor[br]Knight's islands 00:26:43.87,00:26:46.87 Safe at last - inside the cave 00:26:46.87,00:26:50.86 they are far less exposed[br]to attack from predators 00:26:53.88,00:26:57.87 Thousands of desmoiselles and blue mao mao[br]wait for the return of the current, 00:26:58.88,00:27:02.87 when once again they will[br]head out into the open to feed 00:27:09.89,00:27:13.89 The moon's gravitational pull[br]is weaker nearer to the earth's equator, 00:27:14.90,00:27:18.89 so the more equatorial the location,[br]the smaller the tides 00:27:19.90,00:27:23.90 And out here in the Caribbean Sea[br]the tidal movements are slight 00:27:25.91,00:27:29.90 Even so, they are sufficient to push[br]free swimming plankton in their path 00:27:34.92,00:27:38.91 These are thimble jellyfish 00:27:39.92,00:27:42.93 They swim towards the sunlight[br]and invisible boundaries 00:27:42.93,00:27:46.93 formed by the tidal motion[br]help to herd them together, 00:27:46.93,00:27:50.93 until they gather in immense swarms 00:27:50.93,00:27:53.94 They put the tropical[br]sunshine to good use 00:27:53.94,00:27:55.94 - their brown colour[br]comes from algae that 00:27:55.94,00:27:59.93 live inside the jellyfish's bodies[br]and photosynthesise energy from the sun 00:28:12.96,00:28:14.96 In open water they[br]are fairly safe, 00:28:14.96,00:28:18.95 but the tide is sweeping the whole[br]swarm gently towards the Bahamas, 00:28:19.96,00:28:23.96 where hungry mouths are waiting 00:28:28.97,00:28:30.97 Although the sea level[br]does not change much 00:28:30.97,00:28:34.98 - the tides are still pushing[br]an enormous volume of water 00:28:34.98,00:28:38.97 from the ocean through the[br]small gaps between the island cays 00:28:49.99,00:28:53.99 Underwater the tidal currents[br]race past soft corals 00:29:00.00,00:29:04.00 And on over the sandy[br]banks themselves... 00:29:09.01,00:29:13.00 It is an immense area of coral sand[br]that is only just submerged at high tide 00:29:17.02,00:29:21.01 This incoming tide is bringing[br]in a fresh supply of oceanic plankton 00:29:22.02,00:29:26.02 and razorfish gather at the best spots[br]to catch the pick of the microscopic feast 00:29:33.04,00:29:35.04 Although there is plenty here[br]for these small fish to eat, 00:29:35.04,00:29:39.03 gathering in one place makes it[br]easy for their predators to find them 00:29:44.05,00:29:48.04 A nurse shark is little threat 00:29:50.05,00:29:54.05 But this sound heralds[br]a quite different danger 00:30:09.07,00:30:13.06 A bottlenose dolphin 00:30:15.08,00:30:19.07 It's using its sonar to locate[br]razor fish beneath the sand 00:30:28.09,00:30:32.08 Once it finds a suitable target[br]it simply digs out its prey 00:31:09.13,00:31:12.13 The buried fish have no defence[br]against this attack 00:31:12.13,00:31:16.13 They will simply have to wait[br]and hope they aren't found out 00:31:31.15,00:31:35.15 This dolphin appears to have a razor[br]fish craving - well, she is pregnant 00:31:47.17,00:31:51.16 Success, at last 00:32:02.18,00:32:04.19 The incoming tide sweeps[br]on towards America, 00:32:04.19,00:32:08.18 flooding across vast flat[br]plains of seagrass 00:32:09.19,00:32:11.19 They are so shallow that,[br]at low tide, 00:32:11.19,00:32:15.19 all large fish are forced[br]to retreat into deep water channels 00:32:16.20,00:32:20.19 Like these nurse sharks...[br]and these stingrays 00:32:22.20,00:32:26.21 Both predators hunt crustaceans[br]on the seagrass beds, 00:32:26.21,00:32:30.21 but until the flooding tide brings[br]enough water for them to swim in, 00:32:30.21,00:32:34.21 they will have to wait 00:32:39.22,00:32:43.23 So for now this tulip[br]snail it appears safe 00:32:43.23,00:32:46.23 to patrol the shallows[br]in search of a meal 00:32:46.23,00:32:50.22 But is it? 00:32:56.24,00:33:00.24 This I s a rather[br]bigger kind of snail 00:33:00.24,00:33:03.25 At five kilogrammes in weight,[br]the giant horse conch 00:33:03.25,00:33:07.24 has little to fear from any shark...[br]and it has a taste for tulip snail 00:33:17.26,00:33:21.25 Sensing the approaching danger[br]- the snail flees 00:33:23.27,00:33:27.26 But in a world of snail paces[br]- the conch is something of a Ferrari 00:33:30.27,00:33:34.27 It calls for desperate measures 00:33:35.28,00:33:37.28 Exhausted by the effort[br]of its last ditch attempt, 00:33:37.28,00:33:41.27 the tulip snail is slowly gunned down 00:33:49.29,00:33:53.28 The tide still has to rise for another[br]hour before the big predators can feed 00:33:55.30,00:33:59.29 But out on the flats the scent of[br]dying snail wafts away on the tide 00:34:02.30,00:34:06.30 It's a scent that these hermit crabs[br]are particularly partial to 00:34:10.31,00:34:13.32 It's vital that the crabs have[br]the best possible protection 00:34:13.32,00:34:17.31 from the heavy teeth of[br]the waiting sharks and rays 00:34:19.32,00:34:23.33 For that they need the shell[br]with a perfect fit 00:34:23.33,00:34:26.33 Today there is new real[br]estate on offer 00:34:26.33,00:34:30.32 - and competition in this[br]housing market is fierce 00:34:54.36,00:34:56.36 The action becomes even[br]more desperate 00:34:56.36,00:35:00.35 when the shell of the devoured[br]snail is ready for release 00:35:11.37,00:35:15.37 This crab simply can't[br]wait any longer 00:35:18.38,00:35:22.37 But it's a decidedly[br]risky acquisition 00:35:26.39,00:35:29.39 The risk paid off handsomely[br]- the new shell is both lighter 00:35:29.39,00:35:33.40 and stronger than the old home[br]and it's not a moment too soon 00:35:33.40,00:35:37.39 because the tide is flowing in strongly,[br]flooding the plains 00:35:40.40,00:35:44.40 At last, the predators are free[br]to start their foraging 00:35:53.42,00:35:57.42 Both the stingrays and sharks have[br]a highly developed electrical sense 00:35:57.42,00:36:00.42 which they use to search[br]for buried invertebrates 00:36:00.42,00:36:04.42 - they can sense minute[br]movements beneath the sand 00:36:08.43,00:36:11.43 Finding a promising signal,[br]this ray digs out its meal, 00:36:11.43,00:36:15.43 an unprotected hermit crab[br]would have no chance 00:36:23.45,00:36:26.45 Within a few hours the tide[br]ebbs out once more, 00:36:26.45,00:36:30.44 and all the predators[br]are forced to leave 00:36:35.46,00:36:38.46 They will have to wait[br]until the next high tide 00:36:38.46,00:36:42.45 before making another feeding foray 00:36:46.47,00:36:49.47 At certain times of the[br]year called the equinox, 00:36:49.47,00:36:53.46 spring tides are exceptionally large[br]and rise even higher than normal 00:36:56.48,00:37:00.47 Now predators can reach the very[br]shallowest fringes of the seagrass flats 00:37:02.48,00:37:06.48 These two metre long tarpon[br]are heading further inshore still 00:37:07.49,00:37:11.48 They are heading for the mangroves 00:37:12.49,00:37:16.49 These flooded forests cover huge[br]areas of the coastal shallows 00:37:19.50,00:37:21.50 Extraordinarily, the roots[br]of the mangrove trees 00:37:21.50,00:37:25.50 can live in salt water and they[br]make a perfect nursery for small fish 00:37:35.52,00:37:39.51 Silversides and snapper find[br]sanctuary in the maze of roots 00:37:40.52,00:37:44.52 - big predators seldom[br]find a way in here 00:37:50.53,00:37:54.53 And now the tide is[br]falling once more 00:37:58.54,00:38:01.54 The water starts losing[br]what little oxygen it contained 00:38:01.54,00:38:05.54 and quickly becomes stagnant 00:38:07.55,00:38:10.55 Most predators have[br]abandoned the mangroves, 00:38:10.55,00:38:14.55 but these tarpon are still[br]here trapped by the falling tide 00:38:20.56,00:38:23.57 The dissolved oxygen[br]is fast running out, 00:38:23.57,00:38:27.56 but they have a vital[br]survival technique... 00:38:29.57,00:38:33.56 ...they can breathe air 00:38:42.58,00:38:45.59 Pumped up with fresh oxygen[br]they can easily out 00:38:45.59,00:38:49.58 manoeuvre the dozy silversides 00:39:10.61,00:39:14.61 The tide has turned again 00:39:16.62,00:39:18.62 And this is no ordinary tide 00:39:18.62,00:39:22.62 Since it is the equinox[br]- the tide is rising fast 00:39:22.62,00:39:26.62 but now out to sea a hurricane is on[br]its way, forcing the tide yet higher 00:39:58.66,00:40:02.65 The passing storm leaves large areas[br]of the coast flooded by the sea... 00:40:07.67,00:40:10.67 ...and the low lying islands[br]like the Bahamas 00:40:10.67,00:40:14.67 are even more prone[br]to storm flooding 00:40:15.68,00:40:19.68 The sun's power here is immense 00:40:19.68,00:40:23.69 As the tide recedes and the[br]remaining flood water evaporates 00:40:23.69,00:40:27.68 - a remarkable transformation[br]takes place... 00:40:37.70,00:40:41.69 The mud is coated with[br]a magical world of salt 00:40:51.71,00:40:55.71 Any remaining water is extremely salty[br]- very few creatures can survive here... 00:40:57.72,00:41:01.71 ...except these brine shrimp 00:41:07.73,00:41:11.72 And on the water's edge, brine flies 00:41:12.73,00:41:16.73 Both are the favourite food[br]of an extraordinary animal 00:41:19.74,00:41:23.73 The Caribbean Flamingo 00:41:25.75,00:41:29.75 Remarkably, they actually[br]seek out such briny places 00:41:29.75,00:41:33.74 - they are the best spots for[br]them to find their food 00:41:47.77,00:41:51.76 And they also provide the protection[br]the flamingos need to raise their young 00:41:55.78,00:41:58.78 Nesting sites like this are[br]surrounded by corrosive brine 00:41:58.78,00:42:02.77 It's a formidable barrier to any predators[br]seeking to dine on flamingo chicks 00:42:08.79,00:42:12.79 The Flamingo takes the precaution[br]of building next 00:42:12.79,00:42:16.79 Just in case of further flatting 00:42:23.81,00:42:26.81 Strangely, it's actually the[br]power of the storm tides 00:42:26.81,00:42:29.81 that gives the flamingos[br]both their food 00:42:29.81,00:42:33.80 and a perfect habitat in which to breed 00:42:46.83,00:42:48.83 The breeding of many animals in the ocean 00:42:48.83,00:42:52.83 is closely co-ordinated[br]with the tidal cycles 00:42:52.83,00:42:56.83 A half moon in November.[br]It is the time for small tides. 00:43:03.85,00:43:07.85 Christmas Island in the Pacific 00:43:07.85,00:43:11.84 Strange happenings are afoot 00:43:17.86,00:43:19.86 It is one of only a few nights each year 00:43:19.86,00:43:23.85 when female Christmas Island crabs[br]risk heading down towards the sea 00:43:28.87,00:43:32.87 Around the island they number[br]in tens of thousands 00:43:32.87,00:43:36.87 and all of them are laden[br]with hundreds of eggs 00:43:38.88,00:43:42.87 They have to shed them into the ocean[br]if the eggs are to develop into baby crabs 00:43:47.89,00:43:51.88 But these are land crabs and they can[br]neither swim nor breathe underwater 00:44:05.91,00:44:07.91 There is a great risk of drowning, 00:44:07.91,00:44:10.91 which is why they pick the[br]smallest tides of the month 00:44:10.91,00:44:14.91 - to minimise the danger 00:44:38.94,00:44:42.94 The eggs will develop far[br]offshore and in exactly 00:44:42.94,00:44:46.95 one month's time a great swarm[br]of baby crabs will return, 00:44:46.95,00:44:50.94 again choosing the perfect tide 00:44:56.96,00:44:59.96 Whether it's the daily or monthly cycle, 00:44:59.96,00:45:03.97 tides are the rhythm of the ocean[br]- its pulsing clock 00:45:03.97,00:45:07.96 For every tide brings opportunity[br]to marine life somewhere in the world 00:45:15.98,00:45:19.97 Now a spring tide is flooding the[br]shallows and hunters are on the prowl 00:45:23.99,00:45:27.99 A small group of bottlenose dolphin[br]are working their way 00:45:27.99,00:45:31.98 inshore to start a quite[br]extraordinary hunting campaign 00:45:58.02,00:46:02.01 After one successful pass the dolphin[br]move off to start again 00:46:04.03,00:46:08.03 One animal peels off from the group[br]and swims rapidly in a circle, 00:46:08.03,00:46:12.02 stirring up the mud and driving[br]the mullet towards the other waiting dolphins 00:46:17.04,00:46:21.03 It's a remarkable team effort[br]and it is extremely effective 00:46:28.05,00:46:31.05 The dolphin will feed like this[br]for as long as the tide grants 00:46:31.05,00:46:35.05 them access to the shallows 00:47:21.10,00:47:25.10 Eventually the falling tide will[br]force the dolphin to leave the flats 00:47:26.11,00:47:30.10 and the mullet will be safe once more[br]- until the next high tide 00:47:35.12,00:47:39.12 Because in the ocean every[br]turn of the tide spells 00:47:39.12,00:47:43.11 the difference between[br]life and death, somewhere
BBC - The Blue Planet (1 of 8) - Ocean World
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