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Thirteen Days

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"Today every inhabitant of this planet|must contemplate that day when this...
planet may no longer be habitable...
Every man, woman and child lives under a|nuclear sword of Damocles, hanging by the...
slenderest of threads, capable of being cut|at any moment by accident or miscalculation...
or madness. The weapons of war must be abolished|before they abolish us." - JFK 1961
"The release of atom power has changed|everything except our way of thinking.
The solution to this problem|lies in the heart of mankind.
If I had only known, I should have|become a watchmaker." -Albert Einstein
The operational control of the Cuban|reconnaissance flights was officially changed...
from the CIA to the Joints Chiefs|on Oct. 12, 1962. The U-2 took off from...
McCoy AFB in Orlando, FL.|The mission was code-named "Victor."
The U-2 flew over western Cuba from south to north.|Piloted by Major Richard Heyser...
this was the first Strategic Air Command|(SAC) controlled reconnaissance mission.
Kenny and Helen O'Donnell had 5 children:|Kenny Jr., twins Kathy and Kevin, Mark and Helen.
Kenneth O'Donnell and Robert Kennedy met|when they were freshmen at Harvard in 1946.
The red phone was a link from the White House|into the residence of presidential advisors.
The Assistant Secretary of State|for Latin America was Edward Martin.
The O'Donnell's home|was in Bethesda, Maryland.
The National Photographic Interpretation Center|was located at 5th and K streets in D.C.
At 4:00 PM on Oct. 15, the SS-4 missile was|identified by CIA photographic interpreters.
O'Donnell's office was just outside the oval office.|Known as Kenny "the Cobra" O'Donnell...
a visitor would encounter the Cobra|before seeing the president.
President Kennedy's secretary|was Evelyn Lincoln.
Jackie Kennedy was born in Southampton N.Y.|She studied at Vassar, the Sorbonne...
and George Washington Univ. She worked|as a reporter before marrying JFK in 1953.
Homer Capehart was a Republican Senator|from Indiana who used the possibility...
of the Soviets using Cuba as a missile base|as a campaigning tactic.
JFK backed the young Democratic Candidate,|Birch Bayh, for the seat held by Capehart.
RFK referred to Capehart|as the "Indiana Clodhopper".
The actor paging through the photos|is Kevin O'Donnell, son of Kenny O'Donnell.
1960 presidential candidate Richard Nixon|believed that training the Cuban exiles...
to take back Cuba and triumph over communism|would secure his victory at the polls.
O'Donnell was a first lieutenant in the Army|Air Force based in Britain in World War II.
He flew over thirty bombing missions,|and was awarded numerous citations.
National Security Advisor McGeorge Bundy|was told about the evidence of Cuban missiles...
on the night of October 14th. He decided|to wait until morning to alert the President.
Later he explained his desire to prepare|a proper briefing for the President...
before action could be taken, the elements|of which would not be ready before morning.
Though updated in 1973 and 1984, the White House|"cord" switchboard was in use until 1992.
Bobby Kennedy first established himself|as a successful attorney...
investigating organized crime figures.
Bolshakov was a military attache at the Soviet|embassy in Washington before Dobrynin's posting.
The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii|on December 7, 1941 from air and by sea.
John Jr., was the first baby to be born|while his father was President since 1893.
Principles on JFK's right were State Dept.|On his left, the Defense team.
Photo reconnaissance interpreter|Arthur Lundahl joined the CIA in 1953.
Between 1957 and 1964, the US spent $14 billion|on ICBM launch pads, silos and support facilities.
Joint Chiefs are comprised of the heads of the|Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps.
General Maxwell Taylor commanded|the 101st Airborne Division during WW II.
He was the first commanding general|to land in Normandy on D-Day.
After serving in the Far East during WW II,|Dean Rusk joined the State Dept. in 1945.
Robert McNamara became|Secretary of Defense in 1961.
He became president of Ford Motor Company in 1960,|after serving in the Airforce during WW II.
JFK's press secretary, Pierre Salinger went on|to be head of the ABC News bureau in Paris.
After studying law at Harvard, Dean Acheson|served in the Navy in WW I.
OPLAN is an abbreviation|of Operations Plan.
As Secretary of State(1947-53), Dean Acheson|was instrumental in the creation of NATO...
the rebuilding and rearming of Germany,|formulation of atomic policy...
and the construction|of the Truman Doctrine.
JFK suffered with severe back pain. In the|White House if the President was described...
as "hurting", he was in more pain than usual.|At Harvard he injured his back playing football.
In 1943, the PT109 he commanded in the Navy, was|rammed and sunk, further aggravating his back problems.
After a back operation he was|discharged from the Navy early in 1945.
As Undersecretary of State, Dean Acheson helped|formulate America's Cold War containment policy.
Allen Dulles, brother of John Foster Dulles,|was the CIA's first civilian director.
At least eight attempts on Fidel Castro's|life were made between 1959 and 1965.
" In the councils of government,|we must guard against the acquisition...
of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought,|by the military-industrial complex." - Eisenhower
General LeMay was commissioned in 1928|from the Reserve Officers Training Corps...
at Ohio State University, known as an excellent|pilot, he commanded the heavy bomber force...
that carried out long-range attacks|on the Japanese home islands.
Some popular metaphors for the Soviet threat|during the Cold War were:
red tide, the domino theory|and red scare.
Robert Kennedy named his sixth son,|Matthew Maxwell Taylor Kennedy.
SAC is Strategic Air Command.
" Nothing so comforts the military mind...
as the maxim of a great but dead general."|- Barbara W. Tuchman, author of The Guns of August.
Over 1 million Soviet soldiers were lost|in the WW II Battle of Stalingrad.
" Brass hat" is military slang|for a high-ranking army or navy officer.
The two-week long PHI BRIGLEX-62 (Amphibious|Brigade Landing Exercise) was to have employed...
20,000 Navy personnel, and 4,000 Marines in an|amphibious assault on Puerto Rico's Vieques Island...
to overthrow its imaginary tyrant, ORTSAC.|Due to the impending crisis...
the exercise was used as cover troop movements|aimed at increasing military readiness.
The amphibious force flagship, the USS McKinley,|was to take on reporters in Puerto Rico...
to let them observe the ORTSAC exercise.|High seas kept the press on shore.
In 1939 Gromyko joined the Russian Embassy staff|in Washington. He became ambassador in 1943...
and a permanent delegate|to the U.N. Security Council in 1946.
At this meeting Gromyko indicated|that Khrushchev planned to visit the US...
following the November elections. JFK agreed to|meet with him. Later, the President directed...
Llewellyn Thompson to inform Dobrynin that|a summit would not be appropriate at that time.
At the time of this meeting between JFK,|Gromyko, and Dobrynin...
eight of the Soviet SS-4 missiles|were operational.
In 1960, the Democratic Party nominated JFK|for president at the Los Angeles convention.
Chicago's Mayor Daley helped deliver the|election. A vote advantage in Chicago...
enabled JFK to win the swing state of Illinois|by 8,900 votes, over GOP nominee Nixon.
The victory put the Democrats|over the top in the Electoral College.
JFK went to Chicago in 1962 to support his party|before the November mid-term elections.
Under the guise of "an upper|respiratory infection," JFK returned to D.C.
No stranger to physical ailments, last rites were|performed four times before his death in 1963.
The pre-arranged military exercise came|on the heels of Hurricane Ella.
John Galbraith pursued a diverse career that led him|through academic and government positions...
including teaching at Harvard, serving as|ambassador to India and advisor to JFK.
Quarantine can mean: Social or political|isolation imposed as a punishment...
as in ostracizing an individual, or|enforcing sanctions against a foreign state.
John McCone was the president of Consolidated|Steel before heading the Atomic Energy Commission.
Adlai Stevenson's grandfather was US Vice|President during Grover Cleveland's 2nd term.
U. Thant was a Burmese diplomat and teacher,|who became Burma's U.N. representative in 1957.
As Secretary General of the U.N. from 1962-71,|he played a major role during the Cuban Crisis.
This party takes place at Jim Rowe's home|in Washington.
Rowe came to D.C. via Harvard Law School.|One of FDR's "New Dealers," he was considered...
the "most brilliant political thinker|in Washington" in his day.
Scotty Reston joined the New York Times in 1939,|eventually becoming executive editor.
Max Frankel joined the New York Times in 1949.|He was NYT foreign correspondent in 1962.
Orville Dryfoos, publisher of the NY Times,|wed Marian Sulzberger, heiress of NYT fortune.
St. Stephens Catholic Church is located at|25th and Pennsylvania Ave, N.W. in D.C.
Democrat for Louisiana, Thomas Hale Boggs,|practiced law before going to the House of Reps.
After WW II he returned to Congress|and became Majority Whip in 1961.
Boggs was Majority Leader of the Democratic Party|when his plane disappeared over Alaska.
DEFCON 3 is defense condition 3:|an increased state of alert.
The three networks in 1962|were ABC, CBS and NBC.
"The only way to win World War III is to|prevent it." - Eisenhower
JFK summoned congressional leaders to D.C.|from far and wide, as they campaigned...
for November elections. One Senator wore a|pressurized flying suit to fly back in a jet fighter.
When JFK was President-elect, he was|invited to LBJ's Texas ranch. Hunting deer...
was not a Kennedy pastime, which he and|RFK pursued for most of the day in Texas.
O'Donnell dubbed the relationship between|JFK and LBJ as the "Boston to Austin" axis.
Kenny O'Donnell, RFK and JFK all played|football at Harvard. O'Donnell's father...
was a famous football coach,|Cleo O'Donnell Sr.
In 1948 O'Donnell and RFK left Harvard.|RFK to the University of VA law school...
O'Donnell to Yale.|They remained close throughout Bobby's life.
The White House was designed|by Irish-American architect James Hoban.
His inspiration for the house came|from an Irish villa in Dublin, Leinster House.
JFK understood the power of the television|medium. It is widely agreed that his...
physical aesthetic in the televised debate against|Nixon in 1960 worked in his favor at the polls.
The Washington Press Corps is the group|of journalists covering political issues...
in the nation's capitol. They represent|television, radio and printed news.
Fifteen minutes prior to the President's address,|the nation's railroads were also put on alert.
The American Association of Railroads|was asked for flat cars...
to carry defense equipment to Florida.
Ted Sorensen served as strategist and wrote|speeches during JFK's presidential campaign.
As Special Counsel to the President,|he participated in writing major addresses.
Admiral George W. Anderson,|shown here...
became famous as Commander|of the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean.
NYT headline on Oct., 23, 1962: U.S. IMPOSES|ARMS BLOCKADE ON CUBA...
Definition of Rules of Engagement: A directive|issued by competent military authority...
that delineates the limitations and circumstances|under which forces will initiate and prosecute...
combat engagement|with other forces encountered.
The White House Situation Room is a 24 hour|watch and alert center which provides...
the President and NSC staff with current|world intelligence. During the crisis...
the Situation Room was located next to|Bundy's office, in the basement of the West Wing.
The State Dept., DOD, and some CIA channels|were directly linked to the Situation Room.
This allowed these departments to interface|regarding international activities...
and became known as|"a little State Department."
"Washington is like|a self-sealing tank on a military aircraft.
When a bullet passes through, it closes up."|- Dean Acheson
"Commander in Chief" is the military title of|the officer who has supreme command...
of the land or naval forces or the united forces|of a nation or state; a Generalissimo.
In the year 2001, the chief White House Operator|has been on staff since JFK was in office.
This actor, Christopher Lawford,|playing Commander Ecker...
is the son of Peter Lawford and|Patricia Kennedy, sister of JFK and RFK.
At 7:00 AM pilots Ecker and Wilhemy manned their|aircraft, and conducted the low-level fly by.
The low-level Crusader reconnaissance plane,|was developed in 1958.
Maximum speed was 1976 km/h.
Each Crusader had 5 mounted cameras.|Each camera contained 100 feet of film.
High-speed low-level reconnaissance proved|most effective when two aircraft flew together.
As the lead aircraft maneuvered to collect|photographic information, the second aircraft...
would move as necessary to capture anything|the lead pilot might have missed.
The hand signal used here means|"go to military throttle."
The SS-4 missile was considered to be|easily maneuverable. They were moved...
to the launch site by 67 foot trailers. A single|SS-4 missile represented 1 million tons of TNT.
The film was processed at the Fleet Air photo lab|in FL before being taken to Washington.
General LeMay directed the US airlift|of supplies to East Berlin in 1948.
"Cake walk" is Air Force jargon indicating "no|enemy aircraft spotted, no anti-aircraft reaction."
Cuba remains a member of OAS,|but since its exclusion in 1962...
the Cuban government may not vote|or participate in Organization activities.
Uruguay abstained due to lack of instructions|and reserved the right to vote later.
Launched from Johnston Island in 1962 were five|high-altitude detonations. Yield: 3.8 megatons.
In 1975 the Atomic Energy Commission's functions|transferred to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Author Barbara Tuchman|wrote The Guns of August.
Published in 1962, the book reveals|why World War I started...
and why it could have been stopped, but wasn't.|She won a Pulitzer prize for it.
The shock wave blast from a nuclear explosion|travels at 900 miles an hour.
Total destruction occurs within a five mile radius of|ground zero, eighty square miles. Fallout...
occurs after detonation, as millions of tons of|pulverized earth is pulled 15 miles into the air...
by the fireball of a large nuclear explosion.|Fine radioactive dust, fallout, fills the atmosphere.
Mount Weather is in Berryville, VA, 47 miles|from Washington. It is an unacknowledged...
government facility by the Federal Emergency|Management Agency. Although designed...
to accommodate several thousand people, only|the President, the Cabinet and the Supreme Court...
are provided private sleeping quarters.|Officials are not allowed to bring their families.
Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860,|JFK in 1960.
The Catholic Church believes the first step|in the process of preparation for death...
is confession and the conferring|of sacramental absolution.
At a cost of $83 million to build, the Pentagon|returned its investment within seven years.
The "Gagarin" was named for Yuri Gagarin,|the Russian cosmonaut...
who was the first man to travel in space.
The Soviet hero was killed|in an air crash while training.
Radar: an acronym standing for|" radio detecting and ranging."
As of 2001, there are six nuclear submarines|on the ocean floor...
as a result of accidents or extensive damage.|Four are Russian, two are American.
During the crisis there were forty|U.S. Navy ships in position for battle.
Under the command of Commander J.W. Foust,|the Pierce investigated 13 ships during the crisis.
McNamara asked Vice-Admiral Griffith|to suggest some means by which a Soviet sub...
could be given a signal to surface.|It was decided a practice depth charge...
would be the most practical|and effective means of transmitting a signal.
The John R. Pierce was constructed by|the Bethlehem Steel Co., Staten Island N.Y.
The Pierce received one battle star|for service during the Korean War.
During the crisis, strike and cover aircraft|were located at their deployment bases...
in the southeastern U.S. The force was composed of|448 fighter/attack aircraft and 67 support aircraft.
In signifying his intent to stop a ship,|the Commander of the destroyer was to use...
all available communications, including international|code signals, flag hoists, blinking lights, etc.
Once the ship had stopped, a party including|Russian linguists, were to board the ship.
Coast Guard officers would conduct|search-and-visit procedures.
US Air Force's Strategic Air Command (SAC)|was established in 1946. Its bomber force...
symbolized the cornerstone of strategic policy:|deterrence against the USSR's nuclear arsenal.
DEFCON 2: Maximum alert|with optimum posture to strike.
Constitutionally, ultimate authority and|responsibility for national defense...
rests with the President.
Deputy Sec. of Defense Paul Nitze advised every|President since FDR except Carter and Clinton.
Coup d'etat:|A sudden and decisive action in politics...
especially one effecting a change|of government illegally or by force.
Walter Lippmann was perhaps the most|influential political commentator of his time...
sought after by world leaders|and followed by millions of loyal readers.
McGeorge Bundy was Asst. to the President|for National Security Affairs from 1961-66.
The Attorney General is the head of the Dept.|of Justice (DOJ) and chief law enforcement officer.
Judas was the disciple who betrayed Jesus.|His second name was Iscariot.
Sun Tzu's Art of War was written 2,500 years ago|by Sun Wu, a Chinese militarist and strategist.
The term "stick it to them" was code|for "show the U-2 evidence."
Cuban ambassador to the U.N.|was Mario Garcia-Inchaustegui.
John McCloy was disarmament advisor to JFK in 1961|and awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Joseph Kennedy Sr. was a Bostonian banker|and movie financier.
He was appointed ambassador to England in 1938|and supported the controversial "Munich Pact."
During WW II Adlai Stevenson was an attorney|for the Secretary of the Navy.
The Security Council of the U.N. has primary|responsibility of international peace and security.
U.N. translators must be proficient|in at least three official languages.
"There is no evil in the atom;|only in men's souls." - Adlai Stevenson
As of Oct. 26, 1962,|all 34 missile launchers were ready.
As Dem. Governor of Illinois, Adlai Stevenson|doubled funding for public education...
ended political appointments to the State Police|Dept. and vetoed a state "anti-subversive" squad.
Stevenson accepted the U.N. post only after|JFK appointed Rusk as Secretary of State.
All three networks covered the U.N. proceedings,|the footage was shown on later newscasts.
At this UN session Dr. Mario Garcia-Inchaustegui,|the Cuban UN Security council representative...
denied that the weapons in Cuba presented|a threat to the Western hemisphere.
Security Council members were shown a picture|of the Cuban landscape marked off in the design...
of a six pointed star. This is the signature of|a Soviet SAM surface-to-air missile site.
The members of the Soviet Foreign Ministry must|study international relations, diplomatic...
and consular service, world economics, international|law, and peacemaking prior to their posting.
The Grozny was commissioned in May 1962,|and decommissioned in June 1991.
Intelligence information indicated the Soviet|oil tanker, Grozny, was carrying 7,200 tons...
of crude oil, and 566 tons of liquid NH3 in 22|pressurized tubes. She was bound from Odessa.
If a hailed ship refused to stop, warning shots|were to be fired across the bow. If this failed...
to halt the intercepted ship, minimum force was|authorized to damage non-vital parts of the ship.
Naval officer and revolutionary hero John Paul|Jones, was born in Scotland in 1747 and went to...
sea at 12. During a battle in 1779, Jones uttered|the famous words, "I have not yet begun to fight!"
The term National Command Authorities|is used to signify constitutional authority...
to direct the Armed Forces|in their execution of military action.
"The atomic bomb changed everything about war|except the way men think about it."-Albert Einstein
The Atlas rocket was developed by the|US Air Force as America's first ICBM.
The Marcula flew a Lebanese flag. Her cargo|contained sulphur, asbestos, news-print...
emery paper, lathes and automotive parts.|Also included was "electro-measuring instruments."
Walter Cronkite was hired by Columbia|Broadcasting System in 1950...
to develop the news department|for its television station in Washington D.C.
From 1952 to 1980, Cronkite covered|all but one presidential convention and campaign.
Cronkite's nightly send off, "And that's the way|it is" was said at the end of every broadcast.
For ten months prior to the CMC, Scali and Fomin|(aka Alexandr Felisov) met on a regular basis.
Scali was the moderator of|ABC News program "Issues and Answers."
Fomin mistakenly assumed that since Scali was|from Boston, he must be a friend of the Kennedys.
Scali met Fomin at the Occidental next to the|Willard hotel in D.C. Lunch was set for 1:30 PM.
The basic organizational structure of the KGB|(Komiter Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti)...
was created in 1954, when the reorganization|of the police was carried out.
Career patterns indicate that the KGB|was a highly professional bureaucratic group...
with distinct characteristics|that set it off from other Soviet elite groups.
In the 1950s Kenny O'Donnell was an administrative|assistant to RFK at the McClellan Committee at DOJ.
The Committee investigated the Teamsters.
Because of a rift between RFK and J. Edgar Hoover,|Hoover often tried to bypass his boss...
the Attorney General, by sending FBI reports|directly to Kenny O'Donnell for President Kennedy.
After fighting in WW I, Nikita Khrushchev|joined the Communist party.
During WW II he gained favor with Stalin.|At Stalin's death Khrushchev...
was Secretary of the Central Committee|of the Communist Party.
Within six months he became head|of the party, and became Premier in 1958.
Russia 1941: Nazi Germany attacks USSR in Operation|Barbarossa, Soviet and British troops enter I ran.
In Nov. '41 Lend-lease law applied to the USSR.|(An act in which the US supplied material aid...
to Europe & Russia|without officially entering WW II)
The Soviet counter-offensive|against Germany began.
The three-point plan Scali proposed|to Fomin was as follows:
1) Soviet missile bases were|to be dismantled under U.N. supervision.
2) Castro would promise never to accept|offensive weapons of any kind.
3) In return the US would pledge|never to invade Cuba.
On Oct. 30, 1962, U.Thant met with Castro|in Havana. Castro rejected proposals...
that the U.N. conduct aerial reconnaissance|during the dismantling of the missiles...
saying it|" intended to humiliate the Cuban state."
The Occidental restaurant is located at|1475 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington D.C.
At the end of the meeting, Fomin threw down|five dollars for a 35 cent check.
The inner circle of the Communist Party Committee|is the political bureau or Politbureau.
The Soviet leader is the one whose influence|is secured by the support of the Politbureau.
Kenny O'Donnell's sister Justine introduced him|to his wife Helen Sullivan...
early in the summer of 1947.|By the end of the summer they were married.
Helen O'Donnell had difficulty adjusting|to Kenny's long absences due to political work.
Khrushchev's second letter came over the|Foreign Broadcast Information Service at 11:03 AM.
JFK said, "going to war...instead of accepting|a trade, would be an insupportable position."
Tactical nuclear weapons are those under|a limit of one megaton of explosive power.
They can be launched from a battlefield.
The number of nuclear bombs built|between 1945-1990 was more than 70,000.
Major Anderson and Major Heyser were the only|SAC U-2 pilots. They flew two missions per day.
The U-2 is a single-seat, single-engine,|high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft.
Because of its high altitude missions,|the pilot must wear a full pressure suit.
The U-2 can prove difficult to fly|due to its unusual landing characteristics.
On the ill-fated flight, Anderson was not supported|by radar or optical tracking coverage.
He left McCoy AFB at 8:10 AM. The flight was|to be an estimated three and one half hours.
The stratosphere starts 15 miles above the earth.
Developed in 1953, the SA-2 is a medium to|high-altitude surface-to-air missile system.
Deployed in 1957,|it is a two-stage weapon...
with a solid propellant booster stage|fitted with four delta fins.
It measures 10.9 meters in length,|has a 30 km range and carries a 195kg warhead.
As of 2001 over 5,000 have been manufactured.|No retirement date has been set.
At Banes, Cuba,|an anti-aircraft unit received word...
that an American U-2 was spotted|near Guantanamo.
Once the U-2 was in Cuban airspace,|orders were given to launch the SA-2 rockets.
Fidel Castro's close collaborator, Carlos Franqui,|later described how Castro's recklessness...
and Khrushchev's brinkmanship|nearly started a nuclear war.
According to Franqui, Fidel actually pulled|the trigger of the ground-to-air missile...
that shot down Anderson's U-2,|to the horror of the Soviet officer in charge.
Castro allegedly said,|" Now we'll see whether there's a war or not."
In 1987, a Soviet General claimed|responsibility for firing the U-2.
Other sources have suggested that two Soviet|officers in Cuba authorized the attack.
At 10:00 AM, contact was lost|with Major Anderson.
The Soviets called the installation of offensive|missiles in Cuba: "Operation Anadyr."
Amount of time it takes to make an ICBM fully|operational: 3.5 hours to attach the warhead...
to the ballistic missile,|and to fuel the missile.
"Victory has 100 fathers and defeat|is an orphan..." - John F. Kennedy 1961
The O'Donnell children spent many weekends at|Robert Kennedy's home, Hickory Hill in Virginia.
"Our deep spiritual confidence that this nation|will survive the perils of today-...
which may well be with us|for decades to come-...
compels us to invest in our nation's future,|to consider and meet our obligations...
to our children and the numberless|generations that will follow." - JFK 1962
Kenneth O'Donnell Jr. was born in 1948.
Walter Lippmann's article|on Oct. 25 stated:
"The only place that is truly compatible|with Cuba is Turkey.
The Soviet missile base in Cuba, like the|NATO base in Turkey, is of little military value.
The two bases could be dismantled|without altering the world balance of power."
On Oct. 16, 1962 Premier Khrushchev received|US Ambassador to the USSR, Foy Kohler...
for a three hour conversation|on a variety of subjects.
Khrushchev assured Kohler|that the Cuban fishing port...
that the Soviets were helping|to build would remain entirely non-military.
At a high level meeting on Aug. 17, 1962,|CIA Director John McCone stated that evidence...
suggested that the USSR is constructing|offensive missile installations in Cuba.
Rusk and McNamara disagreed,|arguing that the build up was defensive.
January 1963: Italy and Turkey announce the Jupiter|ICBM's in their countries will be phased out.
The last Jupiter missile in Turkey|was dismantled on April 24, 1963.
Anatoly Dobrynin headed the American department|of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs...
until his appointment|as Soviet ambassador in Washington.
JFK had met Dobrynin in Vienna|during the Kennedy-Khrushchev meeting.
According to Dino Brugioni, when asked to comment|on Dobrynin's ambassadorial appointment...
JFK said, "At last they've sent|a son of a bitch to Washington...
that can speak and understand English."
Robert and Ethel Kennedy had eleven children,|seven boys and four girls.
To supporters RFK was charming, brilliant, and|sincere in his concern for the less than fortunate.
Detractors described him as ruthless,|inconsistent and calculating.
On Sat. Oct. 27, FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover|sent RFK a memo saying that Soviet personnel...
in NY were destroying sensitive documents|in anticipation of war.
The location of the Soviet Embassy|in Washington is 2650 Wisconsin Ave. N.W.
The Attorney General's office is on the corner|of 10th and Constitution Ave. in N.W.
From 1957-60 Dobrynin served the Soviet delegation|to the UN as Under Secretary for political affairs.
The hammer and sickle represents|the worker and the peasant.
The five pointed star represents|the five continents and their union.
The Pentagon posts five levels of alert regarding|terrorist threat to the US. The lowest level is...
THREATCON NORMAL: No threat of terrorist|activity is present. The highest level is...
THREATCON DELTA: A terrorist attack has occurred|or new intelligence indicates an attack is likely.
" I know not with what weapons|World War III will be fought...
but World War IV will be fought|with sticks and stones." - Albert Einstein.
Caveat: "any warning or caution"
When the Crisis had been resolved, Khrushchev|announced that he would concentrate on Russia's...
economic problems instead of|international military matters.
He asked for solutions from the West|in solving the Berlin dilemma.
In his memoirs Nikita Khrushchev stated,|"Our intention was to install the missiles...
not to wage war against the US, but to prevent|the US from invading Cuba and thus starting a war.
All we wanted was to give the new progressive system|created in Cuba by Fidel Castro a chance to work."
The Soviets realizing that time was of the essence,|made an unprecedented decision to have Radio...
Moscow broadcast their message to JFK stating that|the USSR had decided to dismantle the missiles...
in Cuba and return them to the Soviet Union.|The message came through at 9:04 AM.
" In the next war, the survivors|will envy the dead." - Nikita Khrushchev
DEFCON 2 stayed in effect until Nov. 20, 1962 when|the alert status was returned to DEFCON 4: Peace.
On July 20, 1963, a memorandum was signed by the|US and the USSR to establish a direct "hotline"...
between Washington and Moscow.|The teletype link was to be used to clarify...
the positions of the two governments, and|possibly prevent a "Guns of August" scenario.
Major Rudolph Anderson was buried with military|honors at Woodlawn Memorial Park in Greenville S.C.
During WW II JFK'S boat, PT 109,|was hit by a Japanese destroyer.
Stranded for five days in the Solomon Islands,|JFK and his crew were rescued...
after Kennedy gave two natives a coconut husk|on which he carved the following message:
The husk sat on JFK's desk in the oval office.
"What kind of peace do I mean?|What kind of peace do we seek?
Not a Pax Americana enforced on the|world by American weapons of war.
Not the peace of the grave|or the security of the slave.
I am talking about genuine peace, the kind|of peace that makes life on earth worth living...
the kind that enables men and nations|to grow and to hope...
and to build for a better life|for their children-...
not merely peace for Americans|but peace for all men and women-...
not merely peace in our time|but peace for all time."
-JFK's Commencement Address at American|University Washington D.C., June 10, 1963
TLF - The In-Laws
Tabutta Rovasata 1996 CD1
Tabutta Rovasata 1996 CD2
Tai Chi II
Taipei 21
Tais Toi 2003
Take Care of My Cat CD1
Take Care of My Cat CD2
Take My Eyes 2003
Take the money and run
Taken 2002 ep01
Taken 2002 ep02
Taken 2002 ep03
Taken 2002 ep04
Taken 2002 ep05
Taken 2002 ep06
Taken 2002 ep07
Taken 2002 ep08
Taken 2002 ep09
Taken 2002 ep10
Taking Lives (2004)
Tale of two sisters A CD1
Tale of two sisters A CD2
Talented Mr Ripley The
Talk Radio (1988)
Talk to Her (Hable con Ella)
Tamarind Seed The CD1
Tamarind Seed The CD2
Taming Of The Shrew The (1967)
Tango and Cash
Target 2004
Targets - Peter Bogdanovich 1968
Tarzan 1999
Taste Of Cherry The 1997 CD1
Taste Of Cherry The 1997 CD2
Taste of Honey A
Taste the blood Of Dracula
Tati Danielle
Taxi 2
Taxi 3
Taxi Driver CD1
Taxi Driver CD2
Taxi para 3
Tea House Mouse
Teacher Kim Bong (2003 Korean) CD1
Teacher Kim Bong (2003 Korean) CD2
Teachers Pet
Team America
Team Spirit 2 2003
Tears Of The Sun
Teenage Caveman
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles - The Movie
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 2
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 3
Tell Me Something
Temps Du Loup Le
Ten Commandments The
Ten Minutes Older - The Cello
Tenant The
Teorema 1968
Terminator 1 Special Edition
Terminator 3 - Rise of the Machines
Terror Train
Tesis 1996
Tess CD1
Tess CD2
Tess CD3
Texas Chainsaw Massacre The
Texas Chainsaw Massacre The(2003)
Texas Rangers
The Corrs - Live At The Royal Albert Hall
The Corrs - Live at Lansdowne Road - Dublin
The Corrs - Live from Wembley Arena - London
The Corrs - MTV Unplugged
The Hire (Ambush) (Director John Frankenheimer) vo
The Hire (Beat The Devil) (Director Tony Scott) vo
The Hire - Season 2x1 - Hostage
The Hire - Season 2x2 - Ticker
The Hire - Season 2x3 - Beat the Devil
The History of the World - Part I
The Three Faces of Eve
Theres Something About Mary
They Call Me MISTER Tibbs CD1
They Call Me MISTER Tibbs CD2
They Call Us Misfits 1968
They Came to Cordura
They Drive by Night
Thin Red Line The
Thing The (1982 John Carpenter)
Thing from Another World The
Things Are Tough All Over
Thinner (Stephen Kings)
Third Man The
Third Wave The 2003
Thirteen Days
Thirteen Ghosts
This Girls Life
This girls life 2004
Thomas Crown Affair The
Thought Crimes (2003)
Thrashin 1986
Three Amigos
Three Colors Red
Three Colours Blue
Three Colours White
Three Days of the Condor
Three Kings 1999
Three Marias The
Three Men and a Baby (1987)
Three Musketeers The
Three To Tango 1999
Thrill of It All The
Thriller - A Cruel Picture (1974)
Through a Glass Darkly
Thunder Road (1958)
Thunderbirds Commentary
Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974)
Tian di xiong xin
Tie Me Up Tie Me Down
Tiempo de tormenta
Tierra (J Medem 1996)
Tiger on the Beat (1988)
Tigger Movie The
Time After Time CD1
Time After Time CD2
Time Bandits
Time Machine The
Time Machine The Tuxedo The
Time Out (2001) CD1
Time Out (2001) CD2
Time and Tide
Timecop 1994
Timecop 2 2003
Timemachine The
Timothy Learys - How To Operate Your Brain (1993)
Tin Men
Tin Star The (Anthony Mann 1957)
Tingler The
Tipping The Velvet
Tiptoes 2003
Titan A E
Titus 1999 CD1
Titus 1999 CD2
Tjeye Illusion
To Catch a Thief 1995
To Die For
To End All Wars CD1
To End All Wars CD2
To Kill A Mockingbird (1962)
To have and have not 1944
Tokyo Drifter
Tokyo Joe
Tokyo Raiders
Tokyo Story 1953 CD1
Tokyo Story 1953 CD2
Tokyo eyes 1998
Tom And Huck
Tomb Raider
Tomb Raider 2 CD1
Tomb Raider 2 CD2
Tomie - Replay
Tonari no Totoro
Toolbox Murders The
Top Gun
Tora-San Our Lovable Tramp (1969 Yamada Japanese)
Torpedo bombers (Torpedonosty)
Total Recall 1990
Totmacher Der 1995
Touch Of Pink A
Touch of Class A
Touch of Evil (1958)
Touch of Spice A
Touch of Zen A (1969) CD1
Touch of Zen A (1969) CD2
Tower of London
Towering Inferno The CD1
Towering Inferno The CD2
Tracker The
Trading Places
Tragedy of Macbeth The 1971
Trail Of The Pink Panther
Train The CD1
Train The CD2
Train The CD3
Transformers The Movie 1986
Transporter The
Treasure Planet
Tree With the Wooden Clogs The 1978 CD1
Tree With the Wooden Clogs The 1978 CD2
Tremors 3 Back to Perfection
Trespass CD1
Trespass CD2
Trip The (1967)
Triple Agent
Tristana 1970
Trois 2 - Pandoras Box 2002
Trouble In Paradise (1932)
Trouble With Harry The (Hitchcock 1955)
Trouble with Angels The 1966
Troy 2004 CD1
Troy 2004 CD2
True Confessions
True Lies 1994
True blue
Tuck Everlasting
Tucker The Man and His Dream 1988
Tupac Resurrection
Turn Left Turn Right
Tuxedo The
Tvilling 25fps
Twentieth Century 1934
Twins Effect 2 2004
Twins Effect The
Two Brothers
Two Can Play That Game
Two Champions Of Shaolin